These former police officers and law enforcement academics contributed their insight for the story on the use of deadly force on the night of Dec. 9.
R. Paul McCauley is a professor emeritus and former chairman of the department of criminology at Indiana University of Pennsylvania CQ. McCauley previously served on the faculties of the school of justice administration, National Crime Prevention Institute, and the Southern Police Institute at the University of Louisville. He now works as a criminal justice consultant reviewing instances of police use of force.
David Klinger is an associate professor of criminology at the University of Missouri — St. Louis and a former Los Angeles Police officer. Klinger, who as a police officer fatally shot a butcher-knife wielding man that was attacking his partner, is the author of the book Into the Kill Zone: A Cop’s Eye View of Deadly Force. He is currently traveling the country as part of a research project based on interviews with officers who have shot people.
Trisha King Stargel was a police officer for 25 years and has been an adjunct professor of criminal justice at Seattle University in Washington since 2004. While a police officer, she served as a use of force instructor and now sits on the citizen’s review panel for the Tacoma, Wash., Police Department.
Jeff Walker is a professor of criminology at the University of Arkansas at Little Rock. He worked for 13 years in the Air Force’s Office of Special Investigations. He is the past president of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences and has researched various aspects of crime, including police and correctional officer use of force, for more than two decades.
David Jacobs is a professor of sociology at Ohio State University who has researched and published several articles on police uses of force over the past three decades.