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story.lead_photo.caption U.S. Sen. Tom Cotton, R-Ark., heads for a vote Thursday on Capitol Hill.

WASHINGTON -- Conservative leaders who are often allied with U.S. Sen. Tom Cotton blasted the Arkansas Republican on Thursday for attempting to derail bipartisan criminal-justice legislation.

At a Capitol Hill news conference, they urged him to support the First Step Act, which would shorten some federal criminal penalties and give judges greater leeway when sentencing certain offenders.

A Senate vote on the legislation, which addresses only federal offenses, is expected next week. President Donald Trump has urged lawmakers to pass the bill.

Doug Deason, a Texas philanthropist and major Republican donor, said he knows and respects Cotton, but is baffled by the senator's stance.

"We've talked about this, and he's just wrong. It's embarrassing that he's taken that position, and I'm afraid for him that he's going to suffer at the polls during his [2020] primary [Senate campaign] because this is going to be held against him," the Rogers native said.

David Safavian, general counsel for the American Conservative Union, said the White House deserves Cotton's support.

"He is a Trump ally, and he is undermining the president's agenda. And I'd like to understand why he is undermining the president's agenda," Safavian added.

The First Step Act's supporters have more credibility than its opponents, Safavian said.

"Donald Trump is for this bill. The Fraternal Order of Police are for this bill. The International Association of Chiefs of Police are for this bill. National District Attorneys Association are for this bill [and] 175 former federal prosecutors including ... two former [U.S. attorneys general] are for this bill," Safavian said. "It defies credibility to call this the leniency caucus."

Nearly 20 conservative leaders spoke at Thursday's news conference, including U.S. Sen. Mike Lee, R-Utah, and representatives of Prison Fellowship, Americans for Prosperity and the Heritage Foundation.

Tim Head, executive director of the Faith and Freedom Coalition, said the strategies have already been implemented in conservative states and have been effective.

The legislation is a mainstream conservative proposal, he said.

An earlier version of the bill sailed through the House, 360-59. Most of the opposition came from Democrats.

"Every Republican except for two in the House voted for this bill. ... Basically three-quarters of the Senate Republican caucus are in favor of this bill. We have a few people that still are waiting for the memo," he said.

Speakers Thursday, including Woodson Center founder Bob Woodson, rejected the "soft-on-crime" label.

"I have lost three members of my family to homicide. A 29-year-old brother; 17-year-old niece; 23-year-old nephew. And two others were violently assaulted and survived. So with that in mind, there's no way I'm lenient on crime. I'm law and order, but I'm also for effective law enforcement and effective punishment," said Woodson, a former American Enterprise Institute fellow and MacArthur Fellows "genius grant" recipient.

Cotton, who opposed the House version as well, has sharply criticized efforts to overhaul federal sentencing standards.

In an August Wall Street Journal editorial, Cotton labeled an earlier version of the First Step Act as a "jailbreak," warning that "the U.S. faces a drug epidemic today, exactly the wrong time to go soft on crime."

In an interview with the Arkansas Democrat-Gazette last month, Cotton argued that the United States has an "under-incarceration problem" and labeled the First Step Act a "criminal leniency bill."

His office did not respond Thursday afternoon to the comments made at the news conference.

If the First Step Act is approved, people imprisoned under the three-strikes law would no longer face automatic life sentences; instead they would face 25 years in prison. Certain drug offenses that carry automatic 20-year sentences would now result in 15-year sentences.

It would also make retroactive a 2010 law that reduced the disparity between powder-cocaine and crack-cocaine-related convictions.

Before 2010, crack-cocaine possessors were dealt with more severely than those caught with powder cocaine.

In addition, the proposed legislation would expand supervised early-release programs for low-risk prisoners, enabling well-behaved inmates to get credit for enlisting in job-training programs, among other things, supporters say.

The 149-page draft piece of legislation exempts dozens of categories of crimes from early-release programs. It includes several that were added after Cotton objected to their omission from the list.

Prisoners would be housed within 500 miles of their hometowns.

The use of shackles to restrain pregnant women would generally be prohibited. The exceptions would be because there was no other means of stopping a woman who is a flight risk or who is determined to harm herself or others, or if it is necessary to protect her medical safety.

The legislation mandates screening, upon admission, for inmates with learning disabilities. It also requires de-escalation training to help corrections officers respond to inmates with mental illnesses or cognitive impairment.

As of Thursday, the federal inmate population stood at 180,789, according to the Federal Bureau of Prisons. That's a fraction of the 2.16 million people who were incarcerated on the local, state and national level as of Dec. 31, 2016, according to the U.S. Department of Justice.

The federal prison system has grown rapidly over the past four decades. In 1980, it housed roughly 25,000 offenders.

Nearly half of all federal inmates -- 46 percent -- are locked up because of drug offenses. Eighteen percent were incarcerated after committing weapons, explosives or arson-related crimes. Roughly 10 percent are sex offenders, according to the latest bureau statistics.

The bill has been revised since Cotton began addressing concerns.

Next week, the Senate is scheduled to debate and vote upon three amendments that have been offered by Cotton and U.S. Sen. John Kennedy, R-La.

One would prevent federal inmates from participating in the early supervised release program if they've been convicted of any of nine crimes, including assaulting a law enforcement officer, hate crimes or assisting federal prisoners with jailbreaks. Dozens of other crimes are already listed.

Another would require prison wardens to notify victims "before an offender is transferred early into prerelease custody or supervised release."

The third amendment calls for the bureau to track rearrest data for prisoners who participate in the program.

In a written statement, Cotton said the First Step Act is evolving but that additional changes are needed.

"For months I've argued that the First Step Act did not go far enough in protecting victims and preventing serious felons from being eligible for early release. I'm glad the bill changed to address some of my concerns, and I hope my amendments can pass to ensure that no violent felons will be released early."

A Section on 12/14/2018

Print Headline: Puzzled, allies say of U.S. Sen. Tom Cotton's position on criminal-justice bill


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Archived Comments

  • UoABarefootPhdFICYMCA
    December 14, 2018 at 4:42 a.m.

    Turtle necked tin soldier.
    Laws writ by cowards, wars fought by fools.
    It's not too puzzling when you simply realize who Mr.Tall Cotton is at war with.

  • BoudinMan
    December 14, 2018 at 7:33 a.m.

    This guy has everybody bamboozled into believing he's an intelligent, patriotic, tough guy, who only has the interests of America in mind. When in fact, he's a self-serving, self-aggrandizing, glory hound whose only interest is furthering his own ambitious agenda.

  • Skeptic1
    December 14, 2018 at 7:33 a.m.

    Cotton's incompetency is becoming apparent to even those who supported him. He is an attention suck and thinks somehow this will distinguish him, it will but not in the way he may have wished.

  • HenryP
    December 14, 2018 at 7:48 a.m.

    If you do the crime then you do the time...What is so hard about that?

  • Nodmcm
    December 14, 2018 at 8:05 a.m.

    Anytime a guy gets a Harvard law degree, and then joins the Army not as a JAG officer (attorney), but rather as a line infantry officer commanding a combat infantry unit, you know that guy is either crazy or he is extremely ambitious, perhaps in a disconcerting sort of way. We know he is ambitious and not crazy because he only served one combat tour and then, likely quite wisely, left the Army and returned to civilian life. Now he is posturing as a protege of the notorious Nazi German, Reichsfuhrer-SS Heinrich Himmler, even down to his promotion of a bill in 2013, a 'Corruption of Blood,' or in German 'sippenhaft,' or 'blood guilt,' law providing for imprisonment of up to 20 years for family members of criminals (the Nazi Germans had this exact same law). Sen. Cotton is likely gambling on another terrorist attack like 9/11, where the furthest right-wing candidate will become the front runner in a presidential election. So expect Sen. Cotton to stay to the right of Heinrich Himmler, which he is doing magnificently.

  • rampezzyahoocom
    December 14, 2018 at 8:09 a.m.

    The really baffling thing is how unresponsive he is to Arkansas's media. "His office did not respond Thursday afternoon" ... huh? This is not national security. He's not oversees on a fact-finding mission. And the Arkansas Democrat-Gazette is his best chance (farthest reaching) to explain this maverick position to his constituents. Arkansas is a state where retail politics matters.

  • mrcharles
    December 14, 2018 at 8:20 a.m.

    Sorry skeptic but you are wrong, while your well reasoned statement being made. You forgot this is Arkansas and he is what this red state wants
    Moz is correct, regardless of Tommy many faults. His disregard for humanity is a quality highly loved by the red voters. Sad and shameful but a reality, just like fox muse being a favorite fairy tale to the red voters.

  • condoleezza
    December 14, 2018 at 8:44 a.m.

    It's not puzzling at all. Cotton wants as many American citizens in prison as possible. He thinks the cure for drug addiction, for instance, is mere will-power. He believes that torture works, and I bet he believes in conversion therapy as well. In any event, he is just a cruel, petty, misinformed man.

  • Nodmcm
    December 14, 2018 at 8:55 a.m.

    Condoleeza: Probably Sen. Cotton sees prisons as wasteful, and likely in his heart he would support mass executions of prisoners, something like "two strikes and your dead." Search for 'corruption of blood' and Tom Cotton, and you find this gem: "Cotton also seeks to punish any family member of those [criminals], “to include a spouse and any relative to the third degree,” including, “parents, children, aunts, uncles, nephews, nieces, grandparents, great grandparents, grandkids, great grandkids,” Cotton said. So if Sen. Cotton supports imprisoning criminals' nephews and grandkids, you just know he would be mighty tough on the actual criminals themselves.

  • LRCrookAtty
    December 14, 2018 at 8:58 a.m.

    I in know way agree with Cotton's stance on this issue. However, he is going against Trump (every leftist in these posts argue that Hill needs to think of Arkansas and not Trump's agenda), yet you jump on him. He is doing exactly what the liberals of Arkansas want, but they still hate him. After saying the above, we do need a huge reform to the sentencing laws. A person possessing child pornography gets more time than a person that actually rapes a child. The sentencing makes absolutely no sense.