WASHINGTON -- Rick Gates, a key cooperator in former special counsel Robert Mueller's Russia investigation, testified Thursday against a prominent Washington attorney accused of concealing information from the Justice Department about work done for the government of Ukraine.
Gates, a former campaign aide to President Donald Trump who pleaded guilty last year in Mueller's investigation, took the stand as a government witness against Greg Craig.
It was the latest installment of Gates' effort to secure leniency from the Justice Department in exchange for his cooperation with multiple probes.
Among those is the case against Craig, an offshoot of Mueller's investigation into potential ties between the Trump campaign and Russia and part of an ongoing Justice Department crackdown on unregistered lobbying in the U.S. on behalf of foreign governments and other entities.
Gates spent hours describing the international political consulting work he and business associate Paul Manafort -- a co-defendant in the Mueller investigation who's been sentenced to more than seven years in prison -- did for a pro-Russia Ukrainian political party and how Craig came to be involved in some of those efforts.
The work that drew the Justice Department's attention occurred in 2012, when Craig and his law firm at the time -- Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher and Flom -- were engaged by the government of Ukraine to review the prosecution of Yulia Tymoshenko, a former Ukrainian prime minister, and develop a report on it.
Tymoshenko was a political opponent of then-Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych, a longtime Manafort patron and a political figure whom Gates said he and Manafort had helped get elected.
The report was billed as independent, but critics have said it whitewashed a politically motivated prosecution, and Gates acknowledged on the witness stand that the document was conceived as a way to counter international criticism that Tymoshenko had been denied a fair trial.
Prosecutors have also said the project was part of an effort by Ukraine to improve its international standing.
Gates testified that Manafort arranged for the hiring of Skadden to prepare the report, and said he served as an intermediary for the firm and worked with Craig on a publicity plan for the document.
That included giving an embargoed copy to New York Times reporter David Sanger.
Though the resulting article was not entirely favorable, Gates said he considered the strategy a success given the credibility he believed was associated with the publication and the reporter.
"From our standpoint, the success of it was very great," Gates said.
When a prosecutor asked whether Craig had carried out the role he had committed to with regard to The Times, Gates answered, "Yes, he did."
Craig, who has called the prosecution unprecedented and unjustified, did not register his work with a Justice Department unit tasked with enforcing the Foreign Agents Registration Act.
Prosecutors said he resisted registering because he feared it would prevent him or others at the firm from getting federal jobs in the future, and because doing so would have meant disclosing that a third-party had paid more than $4 million for the report.
The law, enacted in 1938 to unmask Nazi propaganda in the United States, requires people to disclose to the Justice Department when they advocate, lobby or perform public relations work in the U.S. on behalf of a foreign government or political entity.
Though prosecutors have not charged Craig with failing to register, they said he gave misleading information when the Justice Department's foreign agents registration unit contacted the firm about the work and whether it required registration.
Earlier this year, the law firm paid more than $4.6 million and publicly acknowledged it had failed to register with the government for its work for the Ukraine.
Craig was charged in April in a two-count indictment, but the judge overseeing the case dismissed one of the charges before trial. Craig's lawyers deny that he lied to the government or his law firm.
They acknowledged that Craig spoke to reporters about the report but denied it was part of a public relations campaign that would run afoul of the law.
During cross-examination, a lawyer for Craig, Paula Junghans, sought to distance Craig from Gates and tried to cast doubt on the idea that her client was doing the bidding of the Ukraine government.
She showed excerpts from the report that raised questions about the fairness of the Tymoshenko trial.
One said: "Under Western standards, we find that the decision to detain Tymoshenko for the entire balance of her trial and after the trial had concluded -- until sentencing -- without adequate justification or review raises concerns about whether she was inappropriately deprived of her liberty prior to her conviction."
Defense lawyers have also suggested during the trial that Ukraine and its consultants were dissatisfied by Craig's work and by the public release of the report.
A Section on 08/23/2019
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