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story.lead_photo.caption Dolly Parton sits in a theater at Dollywood, her theme park in Pigeon Forge, Tenn. A true multigenerational star, Parton’s popularity is surging again. The famed songwriter, who credits include “I Will Always Love You,” “Jolene” and “Coat of Many Colors,” has a new series on Netflix and is the subject of a podcast. She also sang with Brandi Carlisle and The Highwomen at this year’s Newport Folk Festival. (The New York Times/MIKE BELLEME)

Maybe you've heard the rumor about the tattoos.

Some people believe that Dolly Parton's arms -- which haven't been seen bare in public for decades -- are secretly covered in ink. Roseanne Barr claims to have once spied the elusive tats ("No black or blue lines," she told Craig Ferguson in 2011, "all like, pastel gorgeous bows all over everything"), while Savannah Guthrie grilled Parton about the whispers in a 2014 Today show appearance. "People said the other day, the reason you wear sleeves is because you have snakes tattooed all over you," she told Guthrie, "and I was like, 'No I don't!'" True believers took this only as evidence that she doesn't have snake tattoos.

Parton's popularity has endured, in large part, because even after five decades of stardom she remains an enigma in plain sight. Call it the Parton Paradox: Hers has been one of the most scrutinized female bodies in the history of modern celebrity, and yet no one can tell you for certain what her forearms look like.

"Very often someone will wow you, but as you get to know them, the mystery wears off," Jane Fonda, Parton's co-star in the feminist film 9 to 5, told Rolling Stone in 1980. "One of the things that just flabbergasts me about Dolly is the amount of mystery she has."

Three country music powerhouses co-hosted this year’s Country Music Association Awards — Reba McEntire (from left), Carrie Underwood and Dolly Parton. Parton was named entertainer of the year in 1978; McEntire won in 1986. Underwood was nominated this year and in 2016, but lost both times. (AP)
Three country music powerhouses co-hosted this year’s Country Music Association Awards — Reba McEntire (from left), Carrie Underwood and Dolly Parton. Parton was named entertainer of the year in 1978; McEntire won in 1986. Underwood was nominated this year and in 2016, but lost both times. (AP)

INTERGENERATIONAL SUPPORT

At the moment, the magical mysteries of Parton seem to be captivating a whole new generation. The 73-year-old is riding high on a trifecta of millennial milestones: She's the subject of a popular serialized podcast (WNYC's Dolly Parton's America, hosted by Radiolab's Jad Abumrad), the inspiration for a forthcoming Netflix anthology series (Dolly Parton's Heartstrings) and the featured vocalist on an EDM song (the Swedish duo Galantis' "Faith," on which Parton appears alongside a Dutch rapper named Mr. Probz). And, as her nearly 5 million Twitter followers will tell you, she knows her way around a "Jolene" meme.

In some sense, though, 2019 is an odd time for a Parton renaissance. It's easy to see why someone like Fonda -- a kind of octogenarian Greta Thunberg -- is enjoying an uptick in intergenerational support from a politically aware cohort too young to remember her days of anti-war activism. Parton, on the other hand, has remained reluctant to make the slightest hint of a political statement, even in these urgent times.

The first episode of Dolly Parton's America centers partly on the songwriter's reluctance to call herself a feminist. Earlier this year, Parton's sister, Stella, said she was "ashamed" of Dolly for not speaking out more about the #MeToo movement. In response, Parton told The Guardian: "I don't feel I have to march, hold up a sign or label myself. I think the way I have conducted my life and my business and myself speaks for itself."

Yet at the 2017 Emmys, Parton looked visibly, uncharacteristically flustered when she appeared on stage to present a best supporting actor award with her co-stars Fonda and Lily Tomlin -- both of whom took a seemingly unscripted verbal swipe at President Donald Trump. Steering the conversation back to more familiar territory, Parton did what she has also done when some interviews have gotten too political or contentious: She pulled from her trusted arsenal of boob jokes.

"Well, I know about support," she quipped, gesturing toward her chest. "If it weren't for support, Shock and Awe here would be more like Flopsy and Droopy."

One reason Parton's approval rating is so high, though, is that all the attributes that used to set her up for criticism -- the outrageous, hyper-femme style; the unapologetic business savvy needed to pull off her late-70s pop crossover; even the so-what acknowledgment of her own cosmetic surgery -- are no longer taboo.

Dolly Parton and Kenny Rogers were a very successful duo with the No. 1 pop and country smashes “Islands in the Stream” (1983) and “Real Love” (1985). They also co-starred in a Christmas TV special in 1984. (AP)
Dolly Parton and Kenny Rogers were a very successful duo with the No. 1 pop and country smashes “Islands in the Stream” (1983) and “Real Love” (1985). They also co-starred in a Christmas TV special in 1984. (AP)

ARTIFICE AND AUTHENTICITY

A generation that has grown up with Snapchat-filtered selfies and pop feminism seems to have an innate understanding that artifice doesn't negate authenticity or that a penchant for towering wigs and acrylic nails doesn't prevent someone from being a songwriting genius. (Maybe they even help: Parton claims to have first tapped out the beat of "9 to 5" while idly clicking her fingernails.)

Perhaps that's why her rhinestone DNA is visible in young artists as varied as Kacey Musgraves and Cardi B -- to say nothing of Parton's goddaughter Miley Cyrus, who inspired a whole new generation of Parton fans who first came to know her as whacky Aunt Dolly from Hannah Montana. Parton sang a duet with Kesha on her 2017 album Rainbow -- a 1980 Parton hit that Kesha's mother happened to co-write. At this year's Grammys, when Parton was honored with the MusiCares person of the year award for her philanthropy, she performed a rousing medley of her hits alongside a who's who billing of her millennial heirs, like Katy Perry, Maren Morris and Kacey Musgraves.

Like Cher, another 73-year-old icon, Parton has over the past few years ascended to a rarefied level of intergenerational celebrity: a saucy grandmother of social media. When the Gen-Z sheriff and "Old Town Road" mastermind Lil Nas X wondered aloud, on Twitter, "y'all think i can get dolly parton and megan thee stallion on an old town road remix?," Parton (or at least someone on her team) was quick to respond with a very appropriate unicorn emoji.

"I was so happy for him," Parton said recently of Lil Nas X. "I don't care how we present country music or keep it alive. I'm all about acceptance."

Chet Atkins (left) and Les Paul (right) received Grammy Awards in 1977 from Dolly Parton and Freddie Fender, who were presenters on the broadcast. (AP)
Chet Atkins (left) and Les Paul (right) received Grammy Awards in 1977 from Dolly Parton and Freddie Fender, who were presenters on the broadcast. (AP)

That quote is classic Dolly: Anyone can see himself or herself in it, no matter which side of the country traditionalists vs. Lil Nas X debate they land on. Both-sides-ism rarely feels as benevolent as it does when coming from Parton, but that's nothing new. When asked, in 1997, how she was able to maintain fan bases within both the religious right and the gay community, she replied, "It's two different worlds, and I live in both, and I love them both, and I understand and accept both."

Parton was born in January 1946, to parents so poor they paid the doctor who delivered her in cornmeal. Their home at the foot of East Tennessee's Great Smoky Mountains had "running water, if you were willing to run and get it" -- one of Parton's many, oft-repeated "Dollyisms" of her hardscrabble upbringing.

As a child -- one of 12 -- she had no exposure to movies or television, rarely even magazines, so her earliest ideas of glamour came from two seemingly disparate sources: the glittering kings and queens she heard described in fairy tales and Bible verses, and from the "streetwalkers" and "strumpets and trollops" she'd see when her family went into town. "I was impressed with what they called 'the trash' in my hometown," she later mused. "I don't know how trashy these women were, but they were said to be trashy because they had blond hair and wore nail polish and tight clothes. I thought they were beautiful."

She started making up little songs before she even knew how to write -- her mother would jot them down for her. She sang with a voice like a rainbow: clear, bright, so cartoonishly pretty it's almost hard to believe it's a naturally occurring phenomenon. Early on, she realized it was her surest ticket out of her hometown, so she got to work. By 10, she was singing on Cas Walker's local TV show. At 13, Johnny Cash introduced her onstage at the Grand Ole Opry. The night she graduated from high school -- the first in her family to do so -- her bags were already packed. She left for Nashville the next morning.

Dolly Parton, photographed in 1975, had three No. 1 country hits in a row in 1973-74 — “Jolene,” “I Will Always Love You” and “Love Is Like a Butterfly.” Also in 1974, she and Porter Wagoner reached No. 1 with “Please Don’t Stop Loving Me.” Parton continued her No. 1 run in 1975 with “The Bargain Store.” Two years later, she had her first crossover hits with “Light of a Clear Blue Morning” and “Here You Come Again.” (The New York Times/JACK MANNING)
Dolly Parton, photographed in 1975, had three No. 1 country hits in a row in 1973-74 — “Jolene,” “I Will Always Love You” and “Love Is Like a Butterfly.” Also in 1974, she and Porter Wagoner reached No. 1 with “Please Don’t Stop Loving Me.” Parton continued her No. 1 run in 1975 with “The Bargain Store.” Two years later, she had her first crossover hits with “Light of a Clear Blue Morning” and “Here You Come Again.” (The New York Times/JACK MANNING)

THE BOOING

Parton shopped her songs up and down Music Row, but her big break came when Norma Jean, the "girl singer" on Porter Wagoner's popular variety show, went back to Oklahoma to get married. Wagoner hired Parton to be his new duet partner, though it took some time for his fan base to warm up to her. On Parton's first appearance on the show, the audience -- expecting Norma Jean -- nearly booed Parton off the stage.

The booing has become one of the formative wounds in the Dolly Parton creation story. There are others, all memorialized in song: the time her schoolmates made fun of the homemade rags she wore on picture day ("Coat of Many Colors"), the time a gorgeous, redheaded bank teller flirted with her husband, Carl Dean, in front of his wife ("Jolene"). Though Parton, at first glance, comes off as a confident ray of light, much of her music is grounded by an authentic sense of insecurity that she has worked hard to overcome. She's not a one-dimensional paper Dolly. She has bled.

Early on, some journalists were surprised to find that Parton had such a strong female fan base -- they assumed that a woman who flaunted such proportions could only inspire "Jolene"-grade jealousy. But, interviewing women at a 1979 Parton concert, writer Gerri Hirshey found that the singer gave women plenty to fantasize about, too. "I'll tell you why I love her," a Wisconsin housewife told her. "Dolly is everything I never dared to be. Sure, she's outrageous looking. But just once, didn't you ever want to do something outlandish -- without worrying what everyone will say?"

Although her prolific run of duets with Wagoner put her on the map, their partnership was often stormy. Paving the way for her pop crossover and eventual movie stardom, Parton cut ties with Wagoner in 1974; the more successful she got on her own, the more jabs he'd take at her in the press. Still, those looking to update this part of her story for modern-day catharsis and reduce Wagoner to a simple, 9 to 5-esque villain will find the narrative complicated by the song Parton wrote her former boss as a parting gift: "I Will Always Love You."

Linda Ronstadt (from left), Dolly Parton and Emmylou Harris recorded two acclaimed albums as Trio. (AP)
Linda Ronstadt (from left), Dolly Parton and Emmylou Harris recorded two acclaimed albums as Trio. (AP)

FRONT AND CENTER

A refreshing aspect of this current wave of Dolly appreciation is that her songwriting talent is finally front and center. On the first episode of Dolly Parton's America, Parton notes a fact that has recently gone viral -- that she may have written "Jolene" and "I Will Always Love You" on the same night.

True Dolly fanatics already know that, but Abumrad narrates from his position as a relative outsider to what he calls the Dollyverse, presenting Dolly Parton's America with the aesthetic language of the modern podcast: snippets of interviews, tonally appropriate background music and the inviting, conversational voice of a man guiding you through his thought process as he travels down various rabbit holes of his own curiosity. Parton granted Abumrad quite a few sit-down interviews, and although seasoned Parton fans will find little of what she tells him to be new information, Dolly Parton's America is a genial, compulsively listenable crash course in Parton's lasting appeal.

Dolly Parton's Heartstrings is a different, if equally modern, beast: a celebrity-studded anthology series designed to be binge-watched on a streaming service. Again, her songwriting prowess is the driving force: Each story is a dramatic teleplay inspired by one of Parton's songs. One episode, based on Parton's 2002 ballad "These Old Bones," is a poignant period piece starring Kathleen Turner as a backwoods fortune-teller; another casts the Dancing With the Stars champion Julianne Hough as a contemporary Jolene. (Parton guest-stars in that one, as a sassy honky-tonk bar owner named Babe.)

The meticulously reported podcast and the soapy Netflix series will satisfy their respective corners of the Dollyverse, but they're unlikely to be consumed or enjoyed by the same demographic. Like so much Parton ephemera, they provide only partial glimpses of her vast allure -- the monochromatic pieces that make up a coat of many colors.

Dolly Parton and Brad Paisley rehearse for their duet for the 2001 Grammy Awards show. (AP)
Dolly Parton and Brad Paisley rehearse for their duet for the 2001 Grammy Awards show. (AP)

Dolly Parton in 2019 contains a unique mixture of the old-fashioned and newfangled celebrity. Like a vintage Hollywood studio head, she understands stardom as a kind of blank dream screen onto which people project their own stories and fantasies. (The illustration of her that serves as the logo for Dolly Parton's America imagines her, naturally, with a sleeve of tattoos.) But she has also -- long before social media -- known the importance of the avatar, the fun that can be had in creating an exaggerated public caricature of oneself. And what are her pithy Dollyisms -- "It takes a lot of money to look this cheap" -- if not proto-tweets?

Still, the secret to her endurance seems to lie in the parts of herself she's always kept safely out of sight. "I'll just tell it as I know it or as I feel it ... or as I want you to hear," Parton told Abumrad with a wink. As a strategy for creating mystique, it's still drawing people to her, five decades into her career. It's not that she believes nothing, it's that she seems to believe deeply in certain things she'd rather keep close to the vest. Or maybe, to the forearm.

Style on 12/08/2019

Print Headline: The expansive, multigenerational Dollyverse

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