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The first time Roxana Orellana Santos landed in immigration detention, in 2008, a federal court ruled she never should have been there in the first place.

On Oct. 7, 2008, Santos was sitting on a curb outside the restaurant where she worked as a dishwasher in Frederick County, Md., eating a sandwich before her shift. The mother of four was arrested and jailed for 45 days after two county sheriff's deputies approached her, asked for identification and found she had an outstanding deportation order. The sheriff's office then handed her over to immigration authorities, actions that the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 4th Circuit later found amounted to an unconstitutional seizure.

But on Tuesday, just as Santos was moving toward a final settlement in her lawsuit against Frederick County, her attorneys said, she was again detained by the Immigration and Customs Enforcement agency -- despite an order from a federal judge that she remain in the country while she fights her case.

Her detention happened just days before a scheduled court appearance during which she intended to seek monetary damages for her illegal arrest.

"The timing is clearly suspect,"attorney Jose Perez of the civil-rights group LatinoJustice told The Washington Post.

Dozens of her supporters gathered Tuesday outside the Immigration and Customs Enforcement offices in Baltimore, about 50 miles east of Frederick County. They demanded her release, holding blown-up photographs of her and her young twin daughters and signs that said, "We are all Roxana." Earlier Tuesday, Santos was detained during a routine check-in with the immigration agency.

Last February, a federal judge overseeing Santos's civil-rights case wrote that the "continued presence of Santos in this country is critical to the proper resolution of this case."

Because of the government shutdown, Immigration and Customs Enforcement spokesmen were not immediately available to answer questions about whether the agency would release Santos in light of the judge's order or because of her court date Monday. The grounds for the agency's decision to revoke her supervision order remain unclear.

Frederick County had entered into a contract with the Immigration and Customs Enforcement agency in 2008 that allowed the sheriff's office to train some deputies to flag people illegally in the country and, upon the agency's request, hold them in detention until the agency could pick them up. The program is known as 287(g).

But the problem in Santos' case was twofold: Neither of the deputies who approached Santos were trained under the program, according to the 4th Circuit ruling -- and even if they had been, they arrested Santos without any instruction or request from the federal agency.

Federal courts have consistently held that this is illegal. The problem for street officers is that immigration violations are civil in nature, and local police lack authority to enforce civil laws. They need probable cause that a crime has been committed to arrest someone, which the 4th Circuit found they didn't have in Santos' case. The court ruled that her arrest violated her Fourth Amendment protections against illegal searches and seizures.

According to the 4th Circuit ruling, two Frederick County deputies approached Santos as she ate and asked her if she spoke English. She replied, "No." They asked, in English, whether she worked at the restaurant and whether she had identification. At first she said she didn't have an ID, but then gave them her Salvadoran national ID, leading the deputies to discover the outstanding deportation warrant.

Was there a problem? Santos asked the deputies minutes later.

"No, no, no," the deputy replied, motioning for her to remain seated. Everything from that point forward became an illegal seizure, the 4th Circuit said.

Realizing it was time to go to work -- and believing that there was no problem -- Santos stood up to go into her restaurant. Then the deputies grabbed her by the shoulders and arrested her. Forty-five minutes later, the Immigration and Customs Enforcement agency requested she be held, according to the ruling.

Perez said Santos has three young children who are U.S. citizens and one 18-year-old son who is a legal permanent resident. He said she fled El Salvador as a victim of domestic violence but was apprehended at the border in 2006. Santos did not understand a notice to appear at an Immigration and Customs Enforcement facility that was written in English, and so did not go, Perez said. A court later ordered her removed from the country because she never appeared.

A Section on 01/10/2019

Print Headline: As illegal-arrest suit ends, Salvadoran seized again

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