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story.lead_photo.caption FILE — U.S. Rep. Rick Crawford stands inside his tiny bunking room in his Capitol Hill office. ( Frank E. Lockwood)

WASHINGTON -- In a city where the cost of living is high, many Republican lawmakers save money by sleeping in their offices.

But with Democrats now in the majority in the House, there's talk of prohibiting such overnight stays.

That's unwelcome news for two office dwellers from Arkansas -- U.S. Rep. Rick Crawford of Jonesboro and U.S. Rep. Bruce Westerman of Hot Springs.

They've been living a spartan but rent-free existence on Capitol Hill for years.

Rep. Zoe Lofgren, D-Calif., chairman of the Committee on House Administration, recently asked the Architect of the Capitol to calculate the fair market value of the office lodging, McClatchy Newspapers reported this month.

It's a topic she plans to take up with her panel at some point this year.

Rank-and-file House members make $174,000 per year. But rent in the District of Columbia is high. A typical one-bedroom apartment costs $1,996 per month, according to RENT Cafe, an Internet listing service that monitors that sort of thing. Rent near Capitol Hill is reportedly even higher.

The sticker shock is staggering for some newcomers.

"I had an apartment for about the first nine months I was here, and the rent was more than my mortgage at home," Crawford said in an interview Thursday. "That, economically, just doesn't make much sense."

Instead of shelling out thousands of dollars to a landlord, he now sleeps in a space the size of a walk-in closet.

When asked for a tour Thursday, he opened the door wide and allowed people to glance inside.

The spot is small and tidy, and just big enough for the lawmaker to stretch his feet.

"This is my own creative little loft bunk that I made," he said. "Believe it or not, that's an extra long twin mattress, so it's comfortable."

The accommodations aren't luxurious, Crawford said.

"This ain't exactly Shangri-La," he noted.

The arrangement doesn't inconvenience anybody, Crawford said.

"I stay out of people's way. I put up a sign on the door so the cleaning crew knows I'm in there," he said. "There's no chance they're going to be caught off guard."

Punctuated with slumbering yellow emoji, the sign reads: "Quiet please ... sleeping. Thank you."

U.S. Rep. Rick Crawford posts this sign when he beds down in his office. In addition to lowering the noise level, the sign lets the cleaning crew know he’s there, Crawford said.
U.S. Rep. Rick Crawford posts this sign when he beds down in his office. In addition to lowering the noise level, the sign lets the cleaning crew know he’s there, Crawford said.

So far, the arrangement has been trouble-free, he said.

"Everything works out great," Crawford added.

The five-term lawmaker said he isn't interested in becoming a Washingtonian.

"I don't want to live up here, and I don't," he said. "I stay up here while I'm doing my job."

He prefers to be in Jonesboro with his family, he said.

The eviction efforts, if successful, would make it harder for non-millionaires to serve in Congress, Crawford said.

"I'm just a working class guy. I'm just up here trying to do the best I can to represent my district, and I don't want to be penalized for that," he said.

Republicans have been sleeping in or near their Capitol Hill offices for decades.

U.S. Rep. Dick Armey of Texas slept on a cot in the House gym in the mid-1980s until then-Speaker Tip O'Neill evicted him.

In 1995, after Republicans took control of Congress, then-Speaker Newt Gingrich said he wouldn't prevent colleagues from crashing in their offices.

"Unless it becomes a health hazard, I don't think I want to micromanage the personal lives of members," Gingrich said, the Los Angeles Times reported at the time.

Democrats have attempted, off and on, to end the practice ever since.

In December 2017, members of the Congressional Black Caucus wrote a letter to the House Ethics Committee questioning "the legality and propriety" of the on-site living arrangements.

"The House office buildings are 'OFFICE' buildings," they wrote. "In effect, Members who sleep in their offices are turning the people's House into private bedrooms. Subjecting staff, constituents, and House guests to Members' private bedrooms is inappropriate, disrespectful and unsanitary."

Last year, U.S. Rep. Bennie Thompson, D-Miss., reignited the debate by filing the No Couches for Congress Act, which would outlaw office dwelling while also allowing House members to deduct up to $3,000 in living expenses from their taxable income.

Twenty-three lawmakers -- all Democrats -- signed on as co-sponsors.

The proposal stalled in committee when Republicans were in charge.

Dozens of Republicans, including then-House Speaker Paul Ryan, were among those sleeping on cots, couches and mattresses in their offices. A small number of Democrats have also used the money-saving tactic over the years.

Westerman says he's satisfied with his current sleeping quarters.

"I stay here. I've got a cot. I keep it in my closet," he said.

U.S. Rep. Bruce Westerman says he’s happy with his sleeping arrangement and estimates that he sleeps four or five hours a night while in Washington. He showers at the congressional gym.
U.S. Rep. Bruce Westerman says he’s happy with his sleeping arrangement and estimates that he sleeps four or five hours a night while in Washington. He showers at the congressional gym.

The arrangement is more comfortable than it used to be.

"I've upgraded. I used to have an air mattress. I've got a real mattress now," he said.

Renting an apartment didn't make a lot of sense, in Westerman's view.

Lawmakers are only in Washington "three nights a week, 30 to 40 weeks out of the year," he noted.

Westerman has joined the congressional gym and showers there.

He estimates that he sleeps roughly four or five hours a night when he's in Washington.

Privacy isn't ever a problem.

"You lock the door, and they don't come in," he said.

There's no extra mess, he said.

"I've got a little vacuum cleaner if I need to touch up the carpet during the week," he said. "You would never know anybody was sleeping on a cot in here at night."

It's noisy at times, Westerman said. With all the hallway traffic, silence is sometimes in short supply.

Eventually, one gets used to the arrangement.

"I tell people it's like camping," he said. "You may not sleep well the first night, but the second night you sleep like a rock."

Westerman has doubts about the motives of those who are attempting to outlaw the practice.

"I think this whole ploy is Democratic members wanting to get ... increased pay to justify the cost of renting an apartment up here," he added.

A Section on 01/27/2019

Print Headline: 2 Arkansas congressmen bunk in D.C. offices, but there's talk of prohibiting practice

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Archived Comments

  • RBear
    January 27, 2019 at 5:57 a.m.

    This is more about appearances than anything. There was an article on this practice recently in WaPo describing some of the problems with this. In many cases, it creates challenges for staffers who must work around the congressman's "living schedule" while they have to contend with DC living on salaries much lower than their boss. What several representatives have done is to find living arrangements together if they don't want to shell out for their own place. It's called "roommates" and something most of us learned to live with in the early days of our careers.
    ...
    So, that's why I say this is more about appearances than anything.

  • RBear
    January 27, 2019 at 6:43 a.m.

    What is most disturbing about this practice is that our representatives take advantage of this free rent situation while their staff don't have the option. Some of these staffers are young college graduates who desire public service as a calling and struggle to make ends meet in DC serving the representative on salaries far below their bosses. If anything, the representatives should pay some sort of rent to be allowed to take advantage of this practice.

  • Jfish
    January 27, 2019 at 7:09 a.m.

    You don't know for a fact that it is for appearances Rbear, $2,000 per month is a lot of money. However, you do bring up an interesting point about the staffers that I had not considered.

  • RBear
    January 27, 2019 at 7:36 a.m.

    JFish many congressmen and congresswomen deal with the high rents by rooming together or finding roommates. The living in the office is more about show than anything. Tell me how many DC employers would let their employees live in their offices. These representatives are really employees of the nation when they serve.

  • Delta2
    January 27, 2019 at 7:56 a.m.

    Fair points both ways, but if Congress would really get down to solving real problems such as health care, education, etc., I don't care where they sleep. Seems like people are finding solutions where little if any problems exist.

  • RBear
    January 27, 2019 at 8:01 a.m.

    It's more of the tone deafness of some of our representatives in DC on the real issues. Affordable housing in DC is the issue, not that you are mooching off the taxpayer to allow you to serve in DC. One of my favorite was the point some made by asking to forego their salaries during the shutdown. That meant nothing because you tried to make it look like you were attempting to "feel the pain" of federal workers who were without pay due to the lack of action by Congress. What would have made more an impact would have been if they donated that money to federal employee relief efforts instead.

  • wolfman
    January 27, 2019 at 8:06 a.m.

    It's all about making a statement. Get an apartment and get roommates. Living in your office just isn't imaginable to me for some reason. To me they just want to make a show..kinda like the POTUS giving his salary to charity and then making a big deal out of it every time. Do we really care? Doesn't change our opinion...All for the show of things.

  • limb
    January 27, 2019 at 8:20 a.m.

    Get roommates and move out. It’s a start on draining the swamp as they said they would do.

  • Skeptic1
    January 27, 2019 at 10:40 a.m.

    Yeah, Republican congress persons don't have Nancy and Maxine Waters millions to pay for a posh apartments. They bunk up to conserve resources while the Dems go on luxury junkets paid for by lobbyists while the government is shut down. Go look at the midterm election map, the Dems gained control only because of the coastal leftist loons. THAT folks is why we need the electoral college. The Dems used to be for the poor and working man and woman and minorities, now they are rich white elitists that rely on a permanent underclass and anyone that disagrees with them is a racist etc. Look at the people living on and defecating on the streets in Nancy's district...enough said.

  • joebub61yahoocom
    January 27, 2019 at 10:48 a.m.

    Yeah, what it shows is as usual Democrats lacking in common sense. Creating a problem where there isn’t.

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