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WASHINGTON -- The White House tried to stop a State Department senior intelligence analyst from discussing climate science in congressional testimony last week, internal emails and documents show.

The State Department's Bureau of Intelligence and Research declined to make changes to the proposed testimony, and the analyst, Rod Schoonover, an adjunct professor at Georgetown University, was ultimately allowed to speak before the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence on Wednesday.

But in a highly unusual move, the White House refused to approve Schoonover's written testimony for entry into the permanent Congressional Record. The reasoning, according to a June 4 email seen by The New York Times, was that the science did not match the views of President Donald Trump's administration.

"The testimony still has serious concerns with internal components and focuses heavily on the science," Daniel Greenwood, deputy assistant to the president in the White House office of legislative affairs, wrote in an email. "Because it doesn't reflect the coordinated IC position, or the administration's position, there is no way this can be cleared ahead of the hearing," he wrote, using government shorthand for the intelligence community.

A White House spokesman said the administration did not comment on internal policy reviews. The National Security Council did not respond to requests for comment, and a spokesman for the State Department referred questions to the White House.

Norman Ornstein, a resident scholar at the American Enterprise Institute, a conservative policy group, said that it was common for the White House to vet agency testimony to Congress to ensure it did not contradict administration policy.

But, he said, "I have never heard of basic facts being deleted from or blocked from testimony." Ornstein said withholding the analyst's written testimony was significant. A verbal presentation could be interpreted as an individual's position, he said, but "the written testimony is a more formal expression of a department."

The Bureau of Intelligence and Research's 12-page prepared testimony, reviewed by The Washington Post, includes a detailed description of how rising greenhouse gas emissions are raising global temperatures and acidifying the world's oceans. It warns that these changes are contributing to the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events.

"Climate-linked events are disruptive to humans and societies when they harm people directly or substantially weaken the social, political, economic, environmental, or infrastructure systems that support people," the statement reads.

On almost every page of Schoonover's testimony, the National Security Council offered comments and criticisms, according to a document that tracks changes.

Two people familiar with the document said the notes were from William Happer, a physicist and White House adviser on the council who denies the scientific consensus on climate change.

"This is not objective testimony at all," one comment read. "It includes lots of climate alarm propaganda that is not science at all. I am embarrassed to have this go out on behalf of the executive branch of the Federal Government."

Another comment objects to the phrase "tipping point" to describe when the planet reaches a threshold of irreversible climate change. "'Tipping points' is a propaganda slogan for the scientifically illiterate," the comment reads. "They were a favorite of Al Gore's science adviser, James Hansen."

The document identifies nine such points that could transform the Earth's system, including "rapid melting in West Antarctic or Greenland ice masses" along with "rapid die-offs of many critically important species, such as coral or insects" and a "massive release of carbon" from methane that is now frozen in the earth. It warns that since scientists have not been able to calculate the likelihood of these thresholds being reached, "crossing them is possible over any future timeframe."

Schoonover's testimony noted that his analysis drew from peer-reviewed scientific journals and work produced by top U.S. government scientists. That, too, came under attack from the National Security Council, which said that "a consensus of peer reviewed literature has nothing to do with the truth."

But the heaviest proposed edits, and the basis for ultimately blocking the written testimony, came from the White House Office of Legislative Affairs. That office, according to the document, recommended eliminating five pages of science that appeared under the headings "Scientific Baseline" and "Stresses to Human and Societal Systems."

Those pages laid the scientific foundation for the rest of Schoonover's testimony, which described the various national security threats linked to climate change, such as instability from water shortages in some parts of the world.

The science portion offered factual assertions like, "The Earth's climate is unequivocally undergoing a long-term warming trend as established by decades of scientific measurements from multiple, independent lines of evidence." The prepared testimony also notes that 18 of the past 20 years have ranked as the warmest on record, according to NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies, "and the last five years have been the warmest five."

Information for this article was contributed by Lisa Friedman of The New York Times; and by Juliet Eilperin, Josh Dawsey and Brady Dennis of The Washington Post.

A Section on 06/09/2019

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