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story.lead_photo.caption Stephen King has three TV series airing now, next year that number could rise to six. (AP)

Television has become a hellscape of our literal and metaphorical fears. Television has been described in many ways over the past 15 years, ranging from the complimentary -- golden, peak, prestige, renaissance -- to the worrisome -- splintered, fragmented, overwhelming.

A florid list to which we must now add "horrified" -- TV in 2019 is horrified.

Horrified as in an industrywide embrace of supernatural beings that are not essentially lovable metaphors for high school angst or star-crossed love, but actual creepy, scary, don't-look-now monsters.

Demons, witches, zombies and assorted vengeful spirits who live under rocks, in sinkholes, haunted houses and the skins of humans they have ingested one way or the other haunt our TV screens and hand-held devices (which they occasionally use to send desperate or super-creepy messages).

Consider this: There are three Stephen King-inspired series on television: Mr. Mercedes (Directv's Audience), Castle Rock (Hulu) and Creepshow (Shudder). Next year, barring the cancellation of any or all of these, there will be six, including The Stand (CBS All Access), Lisey's Story (Apple TV+) and The Outsider (HBO).

King is the most adapted writer of our time. There has been a King adaptation in theaters and/or television every year since 1979. Some years there have been as many as six films and series. But never six series alone (with at least three films also on the books).

So if you're wondering what will be holding the teetering tower of ever-increasing TV platforms together, it's not Dick Wolf or J.J. Abrams or Sherlock Holmes. It's Stephen King, and the genre he represents.

Horror has ever lurked in the dark corners of television, regularly reminding the world of its power with sudden, ferocious attacks -- Kolchack: The Night Stalker, Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Supernatural, True Blood, American Horror Story, The Walking Dead. But it was never taken as seriously as, say, police and medical procedurals or political satire or historical dramas or hour-long explorations of how difficult it is to be a white guy in the CIA/mob/Old West/world of advertising, fire-fighting or plastic surgery.

When American Horror Story debuted on FX in 2011, creators Ryan Murphy and Brad Falchuk piled in all their favorite horror stories into the first season -- who knew if they would get a second? Now in its ninth season, AHS recently aired its 100th episode, while Murphy has moved on to more topical horrors, and Netflix, with The Politician.

Which is probably smart. Monomaniacal rich folks and their family empires (see also: Succession) are pop culture's new vampires, while actual monsters have turned TV into an at times literal hellscape.

That's what's happened at AMC, where prestige -- Mad Men, Breaking Bad, Better Call Saul, Halt and Catch Fire -- has surrendered to The Walking Dead, Fear the Walking Dead, Preacher, The Terror, NOS4A2 and A Discovery of Witches.

Meanwhile, "more is more" Netflix has piled on not only original homegrown scares -- Stranger Things, The Haunting of Hill House, The Chilling Adventures of Sabrina -- but also subtitled supernatural programs, including Marianne (French), Dark (German), Diablero (Spanish), Kingdom (South Korean) and Black Spot (French-Belgian). (Sundance went international first with the French-language Les Revenants, although the series is now on Netflix.)

Hulu's got Light as a Feather, Into the Dark and if we're going to get political, The Handmaid's Tale; Amazon has Lore and a host of other non-original content, including Bates Motel. American Horror Story paved the way for The Strain and What We Do in the Shadows on FX. Geena Davis starred in the now-canceled Fox series The Exorcist and Showtime recently announced that there will be a fourth season of its gone-but-not-forgotten Penny Dreadful. The creators of The Good Wife recently went evil with Evil on CBS.

Lizzy Caplan stars in "Castle Rock," based on characters and themes by Stephen King. (Courtesy Hulu/TNS)
Lizzy Caplan stars in "Castle Rock," based on characters and themes by Stephen King. (Courtesy Hulu/TNS)

And that's only the tip of the werewolf's ear. What is going on?

The easy answer? Digital effects. They are better, and cheaper, than they've ever been, which is a boon for all genres, especially fantasy, sci-fi and horror. The transformation that shocked An American Werewolf in London audiences all those years ago is now standard fare, as are string-free bats, monsters assorted, people with eyes that go black, bloody or literally blazing and all manner of spooky houses or fiery hell gates.

With fear of the cheese-factor lessened and the R-rated allowances of cable and streaming, writers who in the past wouldn't have considered dabbling in the occult are free to create the sort of stories and characters once reserved for serious dramas (while exploring the shock value of butchery).

Shorter seasons and the binge model also help. The excruciating tension of the very best horror is created more by what is not seen than what is, a game of hide and seek that has been, historically, much harder to sustain in episodic TV than in a film. Many broadcast network scare-fests, including Buffy, Supernatural and, more recently, Hannibal and Grimm, were procedurals with monsters. With 10 or fewer episodes, TV horror can follow the same beats as film -- which is also experiencing something of a horror renaissance. The success of Get Out made room for prestige frights like Hereditary, Midsommar, Us and Parasite while the King adaptations, It and to a lesser extent Pet Sematary, opened the door for Scary Stories to Tell in the Dark and Ready or Not.

Scary stories have always been a way to explain a world in which bad things happen for no easily explained reason, to explore our collective anxieties and fears.

From I Married a Witch in 1942 to Twilight in 2008, we have often humanized our monsters. Television during the Obama administration was also full of witches, vampires, werewolves and zombies who were struggling just like the rest of us. Sabrina, iZombie and other series, most aimed at younger audiences, still carry a Harry Potter torch for supernatural powers that can be used to fight for good.

But increasingly, our stories describe evil that is real and bent on absolute destruction.

The creatures of this new age of horror cannot be psychologically understood, tamed by love, socialized or brought to justice. They can only be seen for what they are and destroyed.

Make of that what you will.

Style on 11/03/2019

Print Headline: How horror took over TV -- and made it pay

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