NEW YORK -- When one of Zach Hendrix's three business partners said he was getting divorced, sympathy turned into shock as everyone realized that a soon-to-be ex-wife had the potential to become a co-owner.
"Because we failed to forecast this life event happening we were now scrambling for our best solution," said Hendrix, co-owner of GreenPal, a business that uses an app and website to help homeowners find lawn care companies.
When a small-business owner divorces, the company can become part of a property fight; the battle can end with owners losing all or part of their businesses. Or, they or the company may be forced to take on debt to prevent an ex from sharing ownership. Even when ownership isn't at stake, the rancor and uncertainty around a divorce can take a toll on a company -- owners may be distracted and unable to focus on what the business needs.
Hendrix and two of his co-owners had to borrow a combined $250,000 to buy out their partner in 2017 after he announced his divorce plans. Because GreenPal in Nashville, Tenn., was a startup and not in a position to get that much credit, the three had to personally guarantee the loans. They were able to repay the debt in a year and a half out of their profits.
The divorce was a learning experience for the partners. When they started GreenPal, they hadn't written what's known as a buy-sell agreement that creates a process and sets a price for buying out a partner.
"Luckily, we were able to dodge the bullet and get it out of the way," Hendrix said.
Owners who create a buy-sell agreement may set up a process for buying out the stake of a divorcing partner, including how to value the company. Some agreements may also limit the ownership rights of spouses. But ultimately, a court will decide if the agreement is fair to both spouses and can be upheld, said Chris Hildebrand, a divorce attorney in Scottsdale, Ariz.
"If a company makes a million dollars a year and their partnership agreement said it's worth only $50,000, I wouldn't rest on that agreement," he said.
Hildebrand knows from experience the impact a divorce can have. He had a solo practice when he divorced 10 years ago, but then had to bring on other attorneys so he could earn enough to pay alimony and child support as well as his own expenses.
Some owners who are sole proprietors or whose spouses are their business partners lose their companies as part of the divorce settlement.
Susan Anthony owned a financial advisory business for 16 years, and her then-husband joined her for the last six. In 2003, they decided to divorce. Because of the way the business was set up, it appeared that Anthony received all the income; seeing that, the judge in her case awarded her husband child support. And Anthony couldn't afford that and her own expenses.
"I knew the business would generate a good six-figure income for him. It was a better alternative than paying child support," said Anthony, who signed the company over in return for keeping her home and getting primary custody of her children.
Knowing she was walking away from her business, Anthony prepared her employees and clients for the transition. She knows now she had delayed a divorce for years not only for the sake of her children, but also because "I knew there were a lot of people's lives that would be affected," she said.
"In the end, I have no regrets," she said. "But there were moments when I wondered what in heck I was doing."
Anthony, who lives in Woodstock, Ga., has worked for a financial advisory company since her marriage ended. She remarried two years after the divorce, and now co-owns two spa/salons with her husband.
SundayMonday Business on 10/27/2019