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story.lead_photo.caption Pro-democracy demonstrators in Hong Kong display their opened palms with five fingers extended, signifying the protest movement’s five demands, as they march to the U.S. Consulate on Sunday.

HONG KONG -- Thousands of demonstrators in Hong Kong urged President Donald Trump to "liberate" the semiautonomous Chinese territory as they held a peaceful march to the U.S. Consulate on Sunday, but violence broke out later in the business and retail district as police fired tear gas after protesters vandalized subway stations, set fires and blocked traffic.

Demonstrators flooded a park in central Hong Kong, chanting "Resist Beijing, Liberate Hong Kong" and "Stand with Hong Kong, fight for freedom." Many of them, clad in black shirts and wearing masks, waved American flags and carried posters that read "President Trump, please liberate Hong Kong" as they marched to the U.S. Consulate nearby.

"Hong Kong is at the forefront of the battle against the totalitarian regime of China," said Panzer Chan, one of the organizers of the march. "Please support us in our fight."

Hong Kong has seen three months of unrest sparked by proposed legislation that would have allowed criminal suspects to be sent to mainland China for trial. Many saw the extradition bill as a glaring example of the erosion of civil liberties and rights promised under a "one country, two systems" framework when the former British colony returned to Chinese rule in 1997.

Hong Kong leader Carrie Lam promised last week to formally withdraw the bill, but that failed to appease the demonstrators, who have widened their demands to include calls for direct elections for the city's leaders and an independent probe into alleged police brutality against protesters.

The unrest has become the biggest challenge to Beijing's rule since Hong Kong's return from Britain. Beijing and the state-controlled media have portrayed the protests as an effort by criminals to split the territory from China, backed by hostile foreigners.

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The march to the consulate was an effort to drum up support for a bill that is moving through the U.S. Congress. It would penalize officials in mainland China and Hong Kong who suppress freedoms in the semi-autonomous Chinese territory, and require an annual justification for why the United States should offer Hong Kong special trade and business privileges.

For demonstrators, making a public appeal to the United States risks playing into a bid by Beijing to portray the protests as a campaign orchestrated by Washington, not a reflection of genuine local grievances.

The bill making its way through Congress, the Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act of 2019, was introduced in June by U.S. Rep. Chris Smith, R-N.J. Similar legislation has been floating around Washington for years, and the latest version has wide bipartisan support in Congress.

A group of protesters sang "The Star-Spangled Banner" before handing over an appeal letter to a U.S. Consulate official.

Just before the rally ended, violence erupted after riot police detained several people and cleared a crowd from the nearby Central subway station. Angry protesters smashed glass windows, sprayed graffiti and started a fire at one at the station's exits.

The government said protesters also set street fires and blocked traffic at some thoroughfares. In the type of cat-and-mouse battle that has characterized the summer-long protests, riot police pursued groups of protesters down streets, but they kept regrouping.

Police fired multiple rounds of tear gas in the Causeway Bay shopping area after protesters heckled them and refused to leave. They also searched dozens of young people on the street and inside subway stations.

At the Mong Kok police station, clashes took place for a third straight night. Police fired projectiles at an angry crowd that was shining laser beams, and several people were detained.

The U.S. State Department said in a travel advisory Friday that Beijing has undertaken a propaganda campaign "falsely accusing the United States of fomenting unrest in Hong Kong." It said U.S. citizens and embassy staff were targeted and urged them to exercise increased caution.

Some American legislators are pressing Trump to take a tougher stand on Hong Kong. But the president has suggested that it's a matter for China to handle, though he also has said that no violence should be used. Political analysts suggest that Trump's response has been muted because he doesn't want to disrupt talks with China over their tariff war.

U.S. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi said in a statement Wednesday that Hong Kong residents deserve real autonomy and freedom from fear. She urged an end to police violence against protesters and said Congress looks forward to "swiftly advancing" the Hong Kong bill.

Trump, by contrast, has sent mixed signals on the Hong Kong protests. He suggested last month that China should settle the problem "humanely" before reaching a trade deal with the United States, for example. But he has also called the protests "riots," echoing the language of the Chinese government.

The protests are an embarrassment to China's ruling Communist Party ahead of the Oct. 1 celebration of its 70th anniversary in power.

Separately, well-known Hong Kong activist Joshua Wong said in a statement through his lawyer that he was detained at the city's airport early Friday for breaching bail conditions. Wong, a leader of Hong Kong's 2014 pro-democracy protest movement, was among several people detained last month and was charged with inciting people to join a protest in June.

Wong had just returned from Taiwan, where he gave speeches on Hong Kong's protests, and is due to visit Germany and the U.S. He said a court had approved his overseas trips.

He described his detention as a procedural hiccup and said he expected to be released today. His prosecution comes less than two months after his release from prison for a two-month sentence related to the 2014 protests.

Information for this article was contributed by Eileen Ng, Alice Fung and Joe McDonald of The Associated Press; and by Mike Ives and Austin Ramzy of The New York Times.

Photo by AP/VINCENT YU
Students form a chain today outside St. Paul’s Co-Educational College in Hong Kong. Students and alumni were hoping to put pressure on the Chinese government to meet demands of the pro-democracy movement.

A Section on 09/09/2019

Print Headline: 'Liberate' Hong Kong, marchers urge Trump

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