Northwest Arkansas boasts more than mere trails -- it has a network of alternative transportation and outdoor recreation pathways, according to a study from the Walton Family Foundation released this month.
The region had 484 miles of trails at the end of last year, according to the foundation's third study on trails released since 2015. Over the past five years, 181 miles of natural-surface trails and 35 miles of paved trails were added.
Trails had an annual volume of 92,167 cyclists and 66,329 pedestrians in 2019. The study showed an average of 203 cyclists and 175 pedestrians per day on weekdays and 376 cyclists and 203 pedestrians per day on weekends.
Cycling has increased by 36%, and pedestrian traffic has risen by 13% since the first study.
The Walton Family Foundation has given $74 million to help build 163 miles of natural-surface trails and paved paths in the region in the past 10 years, according to a 2018 economic report on trails.
The study put the cost of building a paved trail in the region at an average $217.09 per linear foot.
Trails such as the Razorback Greenway in densely populated areas and near regional attractions such as Crystal Bridges are the major traffic points, said Jeremy Pate, senior program officer for the Walton Family Foundation.
Nonprofit and municipal support make the growing network of trails possible, Pate said. Officials work to make sure that growth continues in a safe and effective manner, he said.
"We're trying to connect people to the places they want to go, whether it's by bike or by foot," Pate said. "We're trying to focus on a safe transportation network."
The number of users is likely to keep going up because more people are spending time outside during the pandemic, said Dane Eifling, Fayetteville mobility coordinator.
"People are starting to be able to experience their whole community through the trail system," he said.
A project is planned for two blocks east of the Bentonville square with 81 apartments and commercial space designed specifically to face the Razorback Greenway, according to a news release from Newell Development in Bentonville.
The location gives residents access to a 40-mile trail system connecting them to businesses and recreation. Developers said they designed the apartments with the goal of promoting cycling as a form of alternative transportation.
The Razorback Greenway needs trail-facing development to continue being successful and sustainable, said Erin Rushing. Rushing is executive director of Northwest Arkansas Trailblazers, a nonprofit group that has built several soft trails in the region. People are more interested in getting on the trails when they are connected to businesses to grab breakfast, or a park to stop at on their bike ride, he said.
The group, with the support of the Walton Family Foundation, is behind a plan to create a loop of soft-surface trails in Fayetteville that connects Centennial Park to the University of Arkansas campus and other places.
The Fayetteville Traverse trail is still in the concept stage.
"If they're not connected, they're not as successful," Rushing said about trails.
Connecting Centennial Park to Kessler Mountain, Cato Springs Road and to campus would give people the chance to incorporate the trails more easily into their lives, Rushing said. It is no longer just a place to drive to, bike around. and pack up a vehicle and head home, he said.
Mountain biking trails were rare in 1997 when Ozark Off-Road Cyclists was established, said Chuck Maxwell, acting board president. Off-Road Cyclists is a Northwest Arkansas nonprofit dedicated to sustainable soft-surface multiuse trails.
Organizations such as the Off-Road Cyclists have advocated for those trails, and helped build and maintain them.
"You can definitely see an increase," Maxwell said about users.
Back in the day, Kessler Mountain was an unknown gem, he said. It's now one of the most popular cycling trails in the region, he said.
Hikers love Kessler Mountain, too. There were 23,817 pedestrians who used Kessler Mountain paths last year, according to the study.
Investments from cities and the Walton Family Foundation have helped create a robust trails network, said Paxton Roberts, executive director for BikeNWA, an area nonprofit group advocating for safe, connected bicycle and pedestrian infrastructure.
The study illustrates the importance of trails connecting neighborhoods, Roberts said. The hard surface multiuse trails are one of the safest and most accessible ways for people of all ages and abilities to get out and about, he said.
"Many people need the trail network to get to work because they don't have a car, and it's the only safe way they can get to their jobs," Paxton said. "That's why it's important we continue to build the trails out everywhere that we can and fill in the spaces with protected bikeways and neighborhood greenways."
Top trails for cyclists
North Bentonville Trail at NW A Street, Bentonville
Frisco Trail at Maple Street, Fayetteville
Scull Creek Trail at North Quality Lane, Fayetteville
Top trails for pedestrians
Crystal Bridges Trail at Cub Circle, Northeast 3rd Street, Northeast Cub Circle, Bentonville
Lake Springdale trail at West Pump Station Road, Springdale
Frisco Trail at Maple Street, Fayetteville
Source: Walton Family Foundation