Stocks closed modestly lower Tuesday as investors turned cautious a day after major indexes closed at their latest record highs.
The S&P 500 slipped 0.22%, the benchmark index's first decline in four days. Investors shifted money away from technology companies, which have been among the biggest winners since the pandemic began. Industrial and financial stocks also fell broadly. Those losses outweighed gains in health care stocks and companies that rely on consumer spending.
The S&P 500 fell 8.32 points, to 3,727.04. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped 68.30 points, or 0.22%, to 30,335.67. The tech-heavy Nasdaq slid 49.20 points, or 0.38%, to 12,850.22.
Small-company stocks, which have been the biggest gainers this month, fell more than the rest of the market, pulling the Russell 2000 index of smaller companies 1.8% lower. The Russell 2000 gave up 36.89 points, to 1,959.36. The index is still on track to end the month 7.7% higher, more than twice as much as the S&P 500.
"That segment is probably due for a little bit of a pullback given its outperformance," said Terry Sandven, chief equity strategist at U.S. Bank Wealth Management.
The market's pullback follows a strong, record-shattering run on Wall Street in recent weeks amid optimism that coronavirus vaccinations will pave the way in the coming months for the economy to escape from the pandemic's grip. With two days of trading left in 2020, the S&P 500 is up 15.4% this year while the Nasdaq is up 43.2%.
Wall Street set fresh records on Monday after President Donald Trump signed a wide-ranging spending bill that includes $900 billion in covid-19 aid and reams of other legislation on taxes, energy, education and health care. Investors hope that the measures will help tide the economy over until more people get vaccinations and help it through its pandemic-induced slump.
"We're kind of seeing the same thing we've been seeing, the dichotomy between where the financial markets are and where the actual economy is," said Charlie Ripley, senior investment strategist for Allianz Investment Management.
The recent round of aid from Washington was mostly expected, and it would have taken a much bigger package to really make markets jump, he said.
Treasury yields moved higher Tuesday, a sign of confidence in the economy. The yield on the 10-year Treasury rose to 0.93% from 0.92% late Monday.
Trading has been thin as a tumultuous 2020 draws to a close. The market will be closed Friday for New Year's Day.
European markets mostly rose. The French CAC 40 gained 0.4% while the FTSE 100 was up 1.5%. The German DAX fell 0.2%.
In Tokyo, the Nikkei 225 jumped 2.7% to 27,568.15, the first time it has traded above 27,000 since August 1990, according to FactSet. The market hit its peak close of 38,915.87 on Dec. 29, 1989.