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story.lead_photo.caption John Sullivan (second from right), the U.S. ambassador to Russia, leaves a Moscow court building Monday after the verdict against Paul Whelan. Sullivan called the espionage trial “a mockery of justice.” (AP/Pavel Golovkin)

MOSCOW -- A Russian court Monday convicted an American corporate security executive of espionage and sentenced him to 16 years in prison after a closed trial that the U.S. denounced as a "mockery of justice," and it angrily said his treatment in jail was "appalling."

Paul Whelan, a former Marine from Novi, Mich., has insisted he was innocent, saying he was set up when he was arrested in Moscow in December 2018 while visiting Russia to attend a friend's wedding.

"We have serious concerns that Mr. Whelan was deprived of the fair trial guarantees that Russia is required to provide him in accordance with its international human rights obligations," U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said in a statement.

Whelan, 50, who also holds British, Irish and Canadian citizenship, has publicly complained of poor prison conditions and has said his life is in danger. Two weeks ago, he underwent a hernia operation, which his twin brother, David, described as "emergency surgery ... which is never a good sign."

He said his brother had been allowed one phone call in 18 months and had voiced concern about coronavirus infections in Moscow's Lefortovo prison, where he was being held.

Pompeo said the U.S. was "outraged" by the verdict and noted that Paul Whelan's treatment "has been appalling," adding that authorities ignored his medical condition and kept him isolated from family and friends.

He called the proceedings "a secret trial, with secret evidence and without appropriate allowances for defense witnesses." The Moscow City Court, where the trial took place, said it was held in private because authorities saw it as necessary for considering sensitive information.

Speaking to reporters after the verdict, U.S. Ambassador John Sullivan called the trial "a mockery of justice." Whelan's lawyer has said his client was handed a flash drive that had classified information on it that he didn't know about.

David Whelan described the case as political and voiced hope that the U.S. government will help gain his brother's freedom.

"The Russian Federation wouldn't talk about releasing Paul until he was convicted," he said. "And so, now that that has happened, we hope that the U.S. government will speak to the Russian government. We will have to continue to treat it as a political case, which is what it is, and seek a political solution for his freedom."

Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov rejected allegations that Whelan was a political hostage, telling reporters his guilt was proven at the trial. Peskov refused to comment on whether Russia could be considering his exchange for some of its citizens in U.S. custody.

Whelan's Russian lawyer, Vladimir Zherebenkov, pointed at Russian official statements signaling a possibility that Whelan could be exchanged for Russians Viktor Bout and Konstantin Yaroshenko.

"There have been proposals of exchange, the issue is being discussed," he said.

Bout, a Russian arms trader, is serving a 25-year sentence in the U.S. for a 2011 conviction on charges he conspired to sell millions of dollars of weapons to Colombian rebels. He insisted he was a legitimate businessman.

Yaroshenko, a Russian pilot, is serving a 20-year sentence for conspiracy to smuggle cocaine into the U.S. after he was arrested in Liberia in 2010 and extradited to the U.S.

Russian officials and lawmakers have cast the convictions of Bout and Yaroshenko as politically motivated and pushed for their release.

Leonid Slutsky, head of the foreign affairs committee in the Kremlin-controlled lower house of parliament, rejected Pompeo's statement as "meddling in Russia's judicial system." He said Moscow is open to discuss Whelan's possible exchange for "Russian citizens who have remained in the U.S. prisons on unfounded charges and in inhumane conditions."

"Political will is required for reaching such agreements," he said.

Yaroshenko's wife, Viktoria, also voiced hope that he could be exchanged for Whelan, the Interfax news agency reported.

​​​​​Information for this article was contributed by Matthew Lee and Mike Householder of The Associated Press.

Paul Whelan, a former U.S. marine who was arrested for alleged spying, listens to the verdict in a courtroom at the Moscow City Court in Moscow, Russia, Monday, June 15, 2020. The Moscow City Court on Monday convicted Paul Whelan on charges of espionage and sentenced him to 16 years in maximum security prison colony. Whelan has insisted on his innocence, saying he was set up. The U.S. Embassy has denounced Whelan's trial as unfair, pointing that no evidence has been provided. (Sofia Sandurskaya, Moscow News Agency photo via AP)
Paul Whelan, a former U.S. marine who was arrested for alleged spying, listens to the verdict in a courtroom at the Moscow City Court in Moscow, Russia, Monday, June 15, 2020. The Moscow City Court on Monday convicted Paul Whelan on charges of espionage and sentenced him to 16 years in maximum security prison colony. Whelan has insisted on his innocence, saying he was set up. The U.S. Embassy has denounced Whelan's trial as unfair, pointing that no evidence has been provided. (Sofia Sandurskaya, Moscow News Agency photo via AP)
Paul Whelan, a former U.S. marine who was arrested for alleged spying, listens to the verdict in a courtroom at the Moscow City Court in Moscow, Russia, Monday, June 15, 2020. The Moscow City Court on Monday convicted Paul Whelan on charges of espionage and sentenced him to 16 years in maximum security prison colony. Whelan has insisted on his innocence, saying he was set up. The U.S. Embassy has denounced Whelan's trial as unfair, pointing that no evidence has been provided. (Sofia Sandurskaya, Moscow News Agency photo via AP)
Paul Whelan, a former U.S. marine who was arrested for alleged spying, listens to the verdict in a courtroom at the Moscow City Court in Moscow, Russia, Monday, June 15, 2020. The Moscow City Court on Monday convicted Paul Whelan on charges of espionage and sentenced him to 16 years in maximum security prison colony. Whelan has insisted on his innocence, saying he was set up. The U.S. Embassy has denounced Whelan's trial as unfair, pointing that no evidence has been provided. (Sofia Sandurskaya, Moscow News Agency photo via AP)
U.S. Ambassador to Russia John Sullivan, 2nd right, leaves the Moscow City Court building after the verdict announcement for American Paul Whelan in Moscow, Russia, Monday, June 15, 2020. The Moscow City Court on Monday convicted Paul Whelan on charges of espionage and sentenced him to 16 years in maximum security prison colony. Whelan has insisted on his innocence, saying he was set up. The U.S. Embassy has denounced Whelan's trial as unfair, pointing that no evidence has been provided. (AP Photo/Pavel Golovkin)
U.S. Ambassador to Russia John Sullivan, 2nd right, leaves the Moscow City Court building after the verdict announcement for American Paul Whelan in Moscow, Russia, Monday, June 15, 2020. The Moscow City Court on Monday convicted Paul Whelan on charges of espionage and sentenced him to 16 years in maximum security prison colony. Whelan has insisted on his innocence, saying he was set up. The U.S. Embassy has denounced Whelan's trial as unfair, pointing that no evidence has been provided. (AP Photo/Pavel Golovkin)
U.S. Ambassador to Russia John Sullivan speaks to the media at the Moscow City Court building after the verdict announcement for American Paul Whelan in Moscow, Russia, Monday, June 15, 2020. The Moscow City Court on Monday convicted Paul Whelan on charges of espionage and sentenced him to 16 years in maximum security prison colony. Whelan has insisted on his innocence, saying he was set up. The U.S. Embassy has denounced Whelan's trial as unfair, pointing that no evidence has been provided. (AP Photo/Pavel Golovkin)
U.S. Ambassador to Russia John Sullivan speaks to the media at the Moscow City Court building after the verdict announcement for American Paul Whelan in Moscow, Russia, Monday, June 15, 2020. The Moscow City Court on Monday convicted Paul Whelan on charges of espionage and sentenced him to 16 years in maximum security prison colony. Whelan has insisted on his innocence, saying he was set up. The U.S. Embassy has denounced Whelan's trial as unfair, pointing that no evidence has been provided. (AP Photo/Pavel Golovkin)
U.S. Ambassador to Russia John Sullivan speaks to the media at the Moscow City Court building after the verdict announcement for American Paul Whelan in Moscow, Russia, Monday, June 15, 2020. The Moscow City Court on Monday convicted Paul Whelan on charges of espionage and sentenced him to 16 years in maximum security prison colony. Whelan has insisted on his innocence, saying he was set up. The U.S. Embassy has denounced Whelan's trial as unfair, pointing that no evidence has been provided. (AP Photo/Pavel Golovkin)
U.S. Ambassador to Russia John Sullivan speaks to the media at the Moscow City Court building after the verdict announcement for American Paul Whelan in Moscow, Russia, Monday, June 15, 2020. The Moscow City Court on Monday convicted Paul Whelan on charges of espionage and sentenced him to 16 years in maximum security prison colony. Whelan has insisted on his innocence, saying he was set up. The U.S. Embassy has denounced Whelan's trial as unfair, pointing that no evidence has been provided. (AP Photo/Pavel Golovkin)
An image of Paul Whelan, a former U.S. marine who was arrested for alleged spying in Moscow, is displayed behind Secretary of State Mike Pompeo as he speaks during a news conference at the State Department in Washington, Wednesday, June 10, 2020. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik, Pool)
An image of Paul Whelan, a former U.S. marine who was arrested for alleged spying in Moscow, is displayed behind Secretary of State Mike Pompeo as he speaks during a news conference at the State Department in Washington, Wednesday, June 10, 2020. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik, Pool)
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