Regulation rollbacks move ahead

EPA, Interior plans on go, despite virus-tied pleas to wait

FILE - In this Feb. 27, 2020, file photo, Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Andrew Wheeler testifies during a hearing on Capitol Hill in Washington. The Trump administration is steadily pushing major public health and environmental rollbacks toward enactment, rejecting appeals that it slow its deregulatory drive while Americans grapple with the pandemic. (AP Photo/Alex Brandon)

WASHINGTON -- The Trump administration is rejecting appeals to slow its deregulatory drive, pushing public health and environmental rollbacks closer to enactment in recent days despite the pandemic.

The rollbacks include a deregulatory action by the Environmental Protection Agency. The proposed rule would require disclosure of the raw data behind any scientific study used in the rulemaking process. That includes confidential medical records that opponents say could be used to identify people.

The EPA says the rule, first introduced in 2018, is designed to increase transparency. But early drafts drew more than a half-million comments, most of them in opposition. Health experts say it would handcuff federal officials' ability to regulate proven health threats in the future, by making it impossible for regulators to draw on findings of public health studies.

The EPA has dismissed demands from 14 attorneys general, the National Governors Association, the National League of Cities and dozens of other government, public health and environmental groups and officials that it at least tap the brakes on that proposed rule while officials confront "the national emergency that arises from the covid-19 pandemic."

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Federal agencies should suspend steps toward enactment for any nonessential rule changes, Attorney General Maura Healey of Massachusetts, one of those signing the appeal, said in a separate email. "During this unprecedented public health emergency, we should be focusing our resources on protecting the health and well being of our residents not on fighting against the Trump Administration's reckless environmental proposals and actions," Healey said.

Asked for comment, EPA spokeswoman Enesta Jones said the agency is "open and continuing our regulatory work as usual."

Jones said the public can still have its say on the proposed rule. "As is fully functioning, there is no barrier to the public providing comment," Jones said.

President Donald Trump and his agency chiefs have less than 10 months left in his current term to complete the administration's easing of the way the federal government enforces environment and public health regulations.

The Interior Department, for example, is moving ahead with a measure that would ease regulations under the more than century-old Migratory Bird Treaty Act. The department closed the 30-day comment period for the change as scheduled last week. Critics say the changes could devastate threatened and endangered species, and speed an already documented decline in U.S. bird populations overall.

The Interior Department also ticked off required procedural steps in March on consideration of a ConocoPhillips oil and gas project in the Alaska wilderness and on a development plan for land surrounding New Mexico's Chaco Culture National Historical Park, a World Heritage site at the center of a long debate over oil and gas development, among other projects.

Interior Department spokesman Conner Swanson called it "unfortunate that these interest groups are playing politics at a time when all Americans need to come together."

"All DOI actions, including comment periods, are being evaluated on a case-by-case basis and adjustments are being made to ensure we are allowing for proper public input, while protecting the health and safety of the public and our employees," Swanson said.

Opponents also say they expect the White House to make public as soon as next week the latest version of its rollback in vehicle emissions standards, one of the Obama administration's efforts against fossil fuel emissions.

The ongoing push on rule-cutting shows the EPA "clearly in a hurry to meet procedural rules" to wrap up key rollbacks, said Stan Meiburg, the agency's acting deputy administrator from 2014-17 and a 39-year EPA veteran.

Last week, the EPA released its latest redo of the science rule. The release starts the clock on what the agency said would be a 30-day public comment period, moving the rule a big step closer toward adaptation.

Attorneys general from 13 states and the District of Columbia say the 30-day timeline is even shorter than the agency's usual 60-day comment period for such a change.

States objecting include New York, where a statewide lockdown is in effect as New York City deals with about 10,000 coronavirus cases and about 100 deaths. Around the world, more than one-fifth of the global population is under lockdown orders or advisories as officials struggle for medical supplies to face a contagion that has no known vaccine or treatment.

Agencies have moved public hearings on proposed rules online or to conference calls.

Information for this article was contributed by Matthew Brown and Susan Montoya Bryan of The Associated Press.

A Section on 03/25/2020