WASHINGTON -- The House passed legislation Friday that would guarantee a woman's right to an abortion, an effort by Democrats to circumvent a new Texas law that has placed that access under threat.
The bill's 218-211 approval is mostly symbolic, as Republican opposition will doom it in the Senate. Still, Democrats say they are doing all they can to codify the U.S. Supreme Court's 1973 Roe v. Wade decision after the court recently allowed the Texas law banning most abortions in the state to take effect.
The court will hear arguments in December in a separate Mississippi bid to overturn the landmark decision.
Despite the long odds in his chamber, Senate Majority Leader Charles Schumer, D-N.Y., said in a statement after the vote that "Congress must assert its role to protect the constitutional right to abortion" and that the Senate would hold a vote "in the very near future."
Codifying the Roe ruling would mean creating a right to abortion in federal law, a monumental change that would make it harder for courts and states to impose restrictions.
Just ahead of Friday's vote, House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., said it should "send a very positive message to the women of our country -- but not just the women, to the women and their families, to everyone who values freedom, honors our Constitution and respects women."
No Republicans voted for the legislation, which would supersede state laws on the subject, give health care providers the right to perform abortions and patients the right to receive them. Republicans argue it would prevent states from setting requirements like parental involvement and could weaken laws that allow doctors to refuse to perform an abortion.
The legislation "isn't about freedom for women, it's about death for babies," said Rep. Vicky Hartzler, R-Mo.
She said it would eliminate protections for women and girls who may be coerced into having abortions.
"It ends the life of a living human being with a plan and a purpose from God and who deserves to live," Hartzler said.
Only one member crossed party lines -- Democratic Rep. Henry Cuellar of Texas, who voted against the bill.
The vote came as Democrats have spoken boldly about fighting the Supreme Court -- which has a more conservative tilt after Justice Amy Coney Barrett was confirmed last year -- but struggled to find an effective strategy. They control Congress by the slimmest of margins, including the evenly split Senate, making the prospects of a successful legislative response difficult.
The party has split, in some cases, over how far Washington must go to preserve access to abortions.
"Democrats can either abolish the filibuster and expand the court, or do nothing as millions of peoples' bodies, rights, and lives are sacrificed for far-right minority rule," tweeted Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, D-N.Y. "This shouldn't be a difficult decision."
But other Democrats -- Biden among them -- have been wary of such a move. Biden supports the House bill and called the court's ruling on Texas an "unprecedented assault on a woman's constitutional rights."
He has directed multiple agencies to conduct a governmentwide effort to ensure women have abortion access and to protect health care providers. But he has not endorsed the idea of adding justices to the Supreme Court, instead forming a commission to study the idea.
The court's decisions on abortion could prompt political tensions among Republicans as well.
As the court upheld the strict new Texas law barring most abortions in the state, the political fallout will test the limits of former President Donald Trump securing three conservative justices during his tenure.
Women and advocates of abortion rights are quickly mobilizing to take on not just Republicans, but also the big businesses that backed them, aiming squarely at those that contributed to many of the Texas Republicans behind the abortion law.
"They will be met with a fierce response from women and people across the country," said Sonja Spoo, director of Reproductive Rights Campaigns at UltraViolet, an advocacy organization.
Sen. Susan Collins, R-Maine, who supports abortion rights, said the Texas law is "harmful and extreme" and she supports codifying Roe.
But she said the House bill goes "way beyond" that and could threaten the rights of doctors who refuse to perform abortions on religious or moral grounds, for example.