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OPINION | BRENDA LOOPER: A broken system

by Brenda Looper | August 31, 2022 at 3:51 a.m.
Brenda Looper

I've never had much money. It's not that I haven't tried, but that I grew up pretty poor, and I happened to choose an occupation (local journalism) that traditionally doesn't pay a whole lot.

Yeah, if you were thinking that all journalists are raking in the big bucks, I can assure you that most of the big earners are on network television or are nationally known print reporters who probably write books as well (hello, Bob Woodward). Your average Joe or Josephine Journalist isn't pulling in nearly that much.

I was the first one in my family to go to college, and I paid for it with grants, scholarships and loans (at 8 percent interest, I believe, until I consolidated my undergraduate and graduate loans for a slightly lower interest rate and a single payment each month). There were no savings set aside, and my parents couldn't contribute much, so it was up to me (without a car for most of college) to make it work, which I did as a resident assistant and desk clerk at my dorm, and later as a graduate assistant in the College of Communications, as well as earning as many scholarships as I could.

Because of my experience of not having parents who could afford to pay for college, or even to take out loans themselves to pay for it, and me still struggling at times all these years later, I don't begrudge those who will have up to $10,000 (up to $20,000 for some Pell Grant recipients) of their student loan debt forgiven. If this was happening in the 1990s and 2000s, I would have been the kind of person benefiting.

The thing is, when I went to college, it was less expensive than it is now. And that's before adding student fees and room and board, as well as textbooks and incidentals. I think tuition and fees were probably somewhere around $2,000 to $3,000 per semester for me with a full load of 18 hours of classes for my undergraduate degree; the estimated in-state tuition at Arkansas State now, based on 15 hours, is $9,310 (books, room and board, etc., raise the cost to $26,407).

In 2020, Preston Cooper wrote in Forbes: "Tuition inflation has risen at a faster rate than the cost of medical services, child care, and housing. While generous financial aid means that students usually pay far less than the 'sticker price' of tuition, the net price of public four-year colleges has still more than doubled since the turn of the century. Moreover, underlying costs at American colleges are the highest of any large country in the developed world."

Excuse while I weep over "turn of the century." I suddenly feel much older than I am.

Cooper cited a study by economist Beth Akers of the Manhattan Institute on the reasons for the rising costs, the proximate causes of which were "administrative bloat, overbuilding of campus amenities, a model dependent on high-wage labor, and the easy availability of subsidized student loans." Akers concentrated on why the market hadn't brought down cost inefficiencies as it had in other industries and surmised that "students overestimate the return to a degree; colleges are not transparent about their true prices; too few institutions operate in each regional market; and there are significant barriers to entry for new educational providers."

Then there is, as has been pointed out by many people, the chronic underfunding of state institutions of higher education (not just in Arkansas), meaning that colleges have to make up the lost revenue somehow so they can keep the lights on.

It will take more than forgiveness of chunks of federal student loans for those with an income under $125,000 ($250,000 for a married couple) to fix the system. It's broken and has been for a long time.

The cost of college has skyrocketed, and even trade school is getting more expensive due to the need to keep equipment current. For those in low-income brackets, especially, hope seems a luxury.

Plus there are all the people who start out in lower-paid professions like teaching (and, ahem, journalism) with thousands of dollars in debt before they get their first measly paychecks. Scrimping and saving and working multiple jobs can only take you so far when you're at the bottom, especially if you're doing it all on your own. And when you look at other developed countries where higher education is low-cost or free, it's easy to get downhearted about your lot in life here.

I had offers from multiple universities, and had accepted one from Columbia in Missouri before I graduated high school. Unfortunately, I found out just before we prepared to drive up for the fall semester that my financial aid (and that of several other students) was delayed because the mail truck had burned.

I had the choice of coming up with the first payment of $700 or so (which would require not paying my dad's parts suppliers, and I couldn't in good conscience allow that) or just taking the year off and hoping I could get into a less-expensive state school the next year. I'm not the only one who has had to make choices like that.

It sure would be nice if no one had to.

Assistant Editor Brenda Looper is editor of the Voices page. Email her at Read her blog at

Print Headline: A broken system


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