The Arkansas Senate on Thursday voted to strip Sen. Alan Clark, R-Lonsdale, of his seniority and elect Sen. Bart Hester, R-Cave Springs, as its leader for the 94th General Assembly from 2023-2025.
In a voice vote with several senators dissenting, the Senate voted for Clark to lose his seniority for the 94th General Assembly, starting Jan. 9, so he remains at position 35.
In late September, the Senate voted 26-4 to find that Clark violated the Senate's ethic rules by filing spurious, frivolous and retaliatory charges of ethics violations against Sen. Stephanie Flowers, D-Pine Bluff, and to suspend Clark and strip him of his seniority until the start of the regular session Jan. 9, and recommend the Senate strip him of his seniority for the following two years.
Clark told senators Thursday that his ethics complaint against Flowers was not frivolous, and state lawmakers shouldn't be paid per diem as expense reimbursement on weekends during legislative sessions.
He said he's disappointed in the state Senate.
"I used to care what you thought," Clark told senators. "I would have thought that you would have known me better, and some of you did and didn't have courage to stand."
In July, the Senate voted to find that Sen. Mark Johnson, R-Ferndale, and Clark violated the Senate's ethics rules and sanctioned them. The actions came after Clark asked Johnson to sign him in for reimbursement of public funds for attending a June 3 Boys State meeting that Clark didn't attend.
The Senate stripped Clark of his committee chairman and vice chairman posts and blocked his eligibility for per diem and mileage reimbursement for the rest of this year, reprimanded him, and stipulated that any future Senate president pro tempores are not to consider Clark for appointment to serve on the Boys State, Girls State or Senate Ethics Committee. He formerly chaired the Senate Judiciary Committee.
Clark has served in the state Senate since 2013.
As the Senate president pro tempore, Hester will succeed Sen. Jimmy Hickey, R-Texarkana, starting in the regular session. Hickey has served as the Senate's leader since 2021.
"This is a responsibility I take with a significant amount of diligence," Hester said in brief remarks after the Senate elected him by acclamation as Senate president pro tempore during its organizational session in advance of the regular session starting Jan. 9.
Hester thanked Hickey for his assistance in helping Hester prepare to take over as Senate president pro tempore.
"This is a bigger job than I may have even anticipated and I have been here for 10 years, and I can't imagine doing this without Jimmy Hickey," he said. "I think that transition is going to matter to our entire body the way we move forward treating each other."
Hester is a home builder and Realtor who has has served in the Senate since 2013 and has been outspoken at times.
In March of this year, the Senate elected Hester as the Senate president pro tempore-designate by acclamation without any opposition. That came after Senate Republicans selected Hester over Hickey and Kim Hammer of Benton as their nominee to be the Senate president pro tempore-designate.
In April 2020, Senate Republicans elected Hester as their nominee to be Senate president pro tempore-designate. At that time, Hickey said he opted against running in the Senate Republican caucus to be the nominee for president pro tempore-designate because he wanted the Senate's 35 members to elect him.
At that time, the Senate included 26 Republicans and nine Democrats. Then, the full Senate selected Hickey, with the apparent backing of a coalition of Senate Republicans and Democrats, over Hester as the president pro tempore-designate in a secret ballot in a decision that surprised Hester.
The Senate will be comprise 29 Republicans and six Democrats in the 94th General Assembly.
The Senate also voted 24-6 on Thursday to approve a rule change to limit the minority party to two of the eight members on standing committees.
Sen. Blake Johnson of Corning, who is the Senate Republican leader, said limiting Democrats to two members on the standing committees would mirror the makeup of the state Senate.
But Sen. Clarke Tucker, D-Little Rock, told his colleagues that "I think this rule lowers this institution and is a poor way to start the 94th General Assembly.
Sen. Missy Irvin, R-Mountain View, subsequently opted to chair the Senate Public Health, Welfare and Labor Committee, replacing departing Sen. Cecile Bledsoe, R-Rogers, rather than continuing as the chair of the Senate Education Committee.
She said in an interview that she wants to track the implementation of the state's Medicaid expansion program and the possible reduction in the state's federal matching rate for the traditional Medicaid program, and it should help to bring her knowledge to the Senate public health committee with a new administration taking over the executive branch.
Irvin's committee chair switch cleared the way for Sen. Jane English, R-North Little Rock, to return to chairing the Senate Education Committee.
English said in an interview that she has been interested in education and workforce development as long as she's been in the Legislature and "that is the new governor's agenda as well, so we'll be looking at making sure that we are aligning our education system with the jobs for the future and those things that are in demand, kindergarten through career.
"It is not just K-12."
She said she has not heard much discussion among lawmakers about expanding school choice yet.
Hickey decided to chair the Senate Revenue and Taxation Committee, which considers tax-related legislation, to replace departing Sen. Bill Sample, R-Hot Springs.
"I am all for tax cuts and I want to do it, but we have got to be very thoughtful and very diligent in what we do," he said in an interview. "So we just can't let anything and everything through there ... with all of this federal money that is being churned in the economy until we know exactly that we are going to be able to afford stuff year over year."
Senators on the Joint Budget Committee subsequently reelected Sen. Jonathan Dismang, R-Searcy, as co-chairman of that committee, which reviews appropriations bills.
Senators on the Legislative Council reelected Sen. Terry Rice, R-Waldron, as co-chairman of the council.
Senators on the Legislative Joint Auditing Committee elected Sen. David Wallace, R-Leachville, as co-chairman of the committee, succeeding Sen. Ronald Caldwell, R-Wynne.
Sen. Johnson of Corning opted to chair the Senate State Agencies and Governmental Affairs Committee, which will decide what, if any, constitutional amendments to refer to voters in the 2024 general election.
The chairmen of other Senate committees include:
• City, County and Local Affairs: Sen. Scott Flippo, R-Mountain Home.
• Agriculture, Forestry and Economic Development: Caldwell.
• Insurance and Commerce: Sen. Ricky Hill, R-Cabot.
• Judiciary: Sen. Gary Stubblefield, R-Branch.
• Transportation, Technology and Legislative Affairs: Mark Johnson.
• Rules: Senator-elect and Rep. Clint Penzo, R-Springdale.
• Efficiency: Sen. Breanne Davis, R-Russellville.
• Joint Performance Review: Sen. Kim Hammer, R-Benton.
• Joint Energy: Sen. Ben Gilmore, R-Crossett.
• Joint Children and Youth: Senator-elect Bryan King, R-Green Forest.
• Joint Public Retirement and Social Security Programs: Senator-elect and Rep. John Payton, R-Wiburn.
The senators also drew on whether they would serve a two-year term to be up for reelection in 2024 or a four-year term as senator to be up for reelection in 2026.
Senators drawing two-year terms include Sen. Linda Chesterfield, D-Little Rock; Sen. Dan Sullivan, R-Jonesboro; Sen. Mark Johnson; Senator-elect Matt McKee, R-Pearce; Senator-elect Jim Petty, R-Van Buren; Senator-elect Steve Crowell, R-Magnolia; Senator-elect and Rep. Jim Dotson, R-Bentonville; and Davis, Dismang, Flippo, Flowers, Gimore, Hester, Hickey, Payton, Rice, Stubblefield, and Wallace.
Those senators drawing four-year terms include Sen. Greg Leding, D-Fayetteville; Senator-elect and Rep. Reginald Murdock, D-Marianna; Senator-elect and Rep. Justin Boyd, R-Fort Smith; Senator-elect and Rep. Joshua Bryant, R-Rogers; Senator-elect Matt Stone, R-Camden; Senator-elect Tyler Dees, R-Siloam Springs; Senator-elect and Rep. Fred Love, D-Little Rock; and Blake Johnson, Caldwell, Clark, English, Hammer, Hill, Irvin, King, Penzo and Tucker.