LA PORTE, Texas -- It's the only surviving battleship that served in both world wars, having fought Nazis and the Japanese Army during World War II. But the greatest challenge in recent years for the USS Texas has been a leaky, rusty hull that at times forced workers to pump out about 2,000 gallons of water per minute from the 110-year-old ship.
To ensure the historic vessel commonly known to Texas residents as the Battleship Texas doesn't sink and can continue hosting visitors, the foundation in charge of its care was towing the ship Wednesday from its longtime home along the Houston Ship Channel to a shipyard in Galveston for repairs.
Tony Gregory, president of the Battleship Texas Foundation, said the process of pulling the ship by tugboats and getting it on its way went perfectly. He said any problems would have happened in the first 15 minutes and there were no issues.
"It went smoother than we thought and quicker than we thought ... and she's gone down the channel," he said.
The battleship was being pulled by four tugboats at a pace of about 5 knots, and Gregory expected it to arrive in Galveston by 4 p.m.
The 40-mile journey from its longtime berth at the San Jacinto Battleground State Historic Site in the Houston suburb of La Porte is part of a $35 million project to repair the hull and ultimately restore the ship to its former glory.
The foundation plans to eventually resettle it in a new location in Texas, possibly in one of three nearby cities, including Galveston, to attract more visitors and increase revenue.
Moving the vessel is "the major step in getting the ship back to tiptop shape," Gregory said Tuesday as he stood aboard it while workers made final preparations.
Since 1948, the USS Texas has been at the state historic site where the decisive battle in the Texas Revolution was fought. There, it's served as a museum and tourist attraction. The battleship was previously taken to the same shipyard in Galveston for repairs in 1988.
For the last three years, the ship has been closed to the public as the foundation has been preparing for the repairs. In 2019, the Texas Legislature approved the funds to fix the hull. The foundation plans to make other fixes that it's paying for. All the repairs are expected to take up to a year to complete.
At the Texas City Dike, a 5-mile-long levee that stretches into Galveston Bay, about 100 people gathered late Wednesday morning for a chance to see the ship go by.
Tricia Thomas, 50, who was one of the people invited to watch as the ship was unmoored, said she became emotional and teared up as she saw it begin its journey and heard its whistle sound. As the ship started moving, Thomas said, people clapped and cheered.
"It's amazing to see a ship that's 100 years old out on the water again, moving like she did for so many years. It was exciting," said Thomas, who lives in the Houston suburb of Kingwood.
Thomas said it's important to preserve the ship so future generations can learn its history and it can remind people how they can come together for a common cause that's greater than them.
"I think that's probably the biggest story she can tell," Thomas said.
Members of the Texas history group Lone Star Volunteers fired blanks from a cannon five times in salute of the ship as it floated by. Many of the Texas flags that flew in the state during its history, including the Texas Navy flag, were planted in ground near the cannon, nicknamed "Rolling Thunder."
"We're not going to shoot a projectile," said Lone Star Volunteers member Mike Wilson, who wore a loose-fitting red shirt, white linen-type pants and black riding boots, designed to be an approximation of what volunteers in the Texas Army might have worn. "They might turn the guns of the USS Texas back on us."
"The USS Texas, it represents freedom," Wilson said.
Gallery: USS Texas makes journey to dry dock