OPINION | BRENDA LOOPER: The art of opinion

Brenda Looper

Though my experience in the opinion side of the newspaper only goes back 11 years, my love for one specific endeavor within has been decades-long.

Through history classes in school (elementary, high school and college), I learned of the impact a well-done editorial cartoon can have, with examples such as Benjamin Franklin's "Join or die" (acknowledged as the first editorial cartoon in the U.S.) and Thomas Nast's many cartoons on Boss Tweed and Tammany Hall corruption (yes, the same Thomas Nast responsible for our vision of Santa Claus, as well as the Republican elephant and popularizing the Democratic donkey).

While there were other cartoonists/caricaturists before, James Gillray is considered the father of political cartooning, according to Illustration History, taking on Napoleon and King George III. The website writes: "The political climate of Gillray's time was favorable to the growth of this art form. The party warfare between the Loyalists and Reformists was carried out using party-sponsored satirical propaganda prints. Gillray's incomparable wit, keen sense of farce, and artistic ability made him extremely popular as a cartoonist."

In 1843, the periodical Punch introduced the word cartoon to refer to comic drawings. By the mid-19th century, periodicals around the world were using cartoons to express publishers' and cartoonists' thoughts on politics. Ohio State University's History Teaching Institute notes that editorial cartoons are based on current events and have an educational purpose as "[t]hey are intended to make readers think about current political issues."

But wait, I hear some of you say, cartoons are supposed to be funny!

Well, sometimes editorial cartoons are funny, but not always. If you want cartoons to be consistently funny, you'll have better luck on the comics page with the likes of Mutts and Pearls Before Swine (I'd say Dilbert, too, before the last decade or so, but Scott Adams has been phoning it in for a while). On the opinion pages, though, is where you'll find editorial cartoons, which may or may not involve humor, but will definitely have a point of view.

The university's site reports: "A good editorial cartoon combines a clear drawing and good writing. A good editorial cartoon expresses a recognizable point of view or opinion. In the best instances, the cartoon cannot be read or understood by only looking at the words or only looking at the picture. Both the words and the pictures must be read together in order to understand the cartoonist's message. Not all editorial cartoons are meant to be funny. Some of the most effective editorial cartoons are not humorous at all. Humor is only one tool available to editorial cartoonists.

"Editorial cartoons provide a window into history by showing us what people were thinking and talking about at a given time and place. Today's editorial cartoons will provide the same record of our own time."

Washington Post cartoonist and former president of the Association of American Editorial Cartoonists Ann Telnaes is more direct, telling visual journalist Liza Donnelly in 2017: "The job of an editorial cartoonist is to expose the hypocrisies and abuses of power by the politicians and powerful institutions in society. I think our role has become even more urgent with the new political reality ... . Political dog whistles have become red meat to be tossed out regularly by politicians without the slightest attempt to conceal racism or sexism. Except for journalists and cartoonists, there's no one keeping a check on conflicts of interest or unethical behavior in government."

Can you imagine the Watergate era without Herblock? World War II without Bill Mauldin? Heck, much of Arkansas politics, especially from Orval Faubus to Bill Clinton, without George Fisher?

That's not a world I'd want to be in. I'll take the occasional laugh, but without the message that makes me think, it can't really be called an editorial cartoon.

I'm lucky that I can count as a friend editorial cartoonist/artist/sculptor/all-around good guy John Deering, who until a few years ago was in the office next to mine. But our friendship goes back to my first days at the paper, when he shared space with Vic Harville. It helps that our birthdays are only days apart and we share the same weird sense of humor and love for cats.

When he was in the office, one of us would often poke a head into the other's office when we were stuck on something, or needed a laugh or just a "derp." Now we communicate primarily by text (including derps). We still share laughs and frustrations, though not as frequently as we used to.

Occasionally I get to use one of his cartoons on the Voices page rather than one of the syndicated cartoonists I usually run, and it's truly a privilege. I may be prejudiced, but I think he's the best editorial cartoonist to not have won a Pulitzer (seriously, that's a travesty).

Not everyone will like what he draws, or what I or anyone else writes. That's the beauty of an opinion page in a free country; not everyone has to.

Assistant Editor Brenda Looper is editor of the Voices page. Email her at blooper@adgnewsroom.com. Read her blog at blooper0223.wordpress.com.