JERUSALEM -- U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken called for calm at a time of cascading violence during his visit to Jerusalem on Monday, the most high-profile U.S. engagement with Israel since the inauguration of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's far-right government last month.
In a joint news conference with Netanyahu, after days of escalating bloodshed, Blinken said that maintaining the "vision" of a two-state solution, in which a Palestinian state would be created alongside Israel, was "the only way forward."
But Netanyahu's new government -- an alliance of settler activists, religious conservatives and hard-line nationalists -- rose to power promising to expand the occupation of the West Bank, and to implement harsher measures to counter Palestinian violence. A survey last week by the Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research shows that support for a two-state solution in the region is at an all-time low, with only one-third of Palestinians and one-third of Jewish Israelis backing the creation of two states.
Blinken offered his condolences for the seven victims of a mass killing Friday allegedly by a Palestinian gunman outside a synagogue in east Jerusalem, which he called "more than an attack on individuals. It was also an attack on the universal act of practicing one's faith."
"In the context of this attack, and escalating violence, it's important that the government and people of Israel know America's commitment to their security remains ironclad," Blinken continued.
That attack came a day after 10 Palestinians were killed in an Israeli raid on the Jenin refugee camp, one of the deadliest operations in the West Bank in two decades. At least 35 Palestinians have been killed in the West Bank this year, according to the Palestinian Health Ministry.
After the Jenin raid, the Palestinians said they would cancel security coordination with Israel and after attacks against Israelis intensified, Israel said it would beef up Jewish settlements in the West Bank, among other steps.
Israeli Army Radio reported late Sunday that the government was also set to approve a rogue outpost deep inside the West Bank, and speed up approval for other such small settlements.
Israel also arrested 42 Palestinians, some relatives of the Jerusalem attacker, in its investigation into the attack.
In the hours before Blinken's arrival, another shooting occurred in which Israeli forces killed a Palestinian man in a flashpoint city in the occupied West Bank on Monday, according to the Palestinian Health Ministry.
The Palestinian Health Ministry said the man, Nassim Abu Fouda, 26, was shot in the head in Hebron, often a center of friction between the Israeli military and Palestinians.
The Israeli military said forces asked a car driving suspiciously to pull over but it then drove into a soldier, prompting soldiers to open fire. The car then sped away and crashed, the military said. It added that the driver was taken away by Palestinian rescue services and that the incident was under review.
The violence comes after months of Israeli arrest raids in the West Bank, which were launched after a wave of Palestinian attacks against Israelis in the spring of 2022 that killed 19 people. Nearly 150 Palestinians were killed in the West Bank and east Jerusalem last year, making it the deadliest year in those territories since 2004, according to figures from the Israeli rights group B'Tselem. Another 10 Israelis were killed later last year, raising the 2022 Israeli death toll to 29.
Israel says that most of those killed have been militants but others -- including youths protesting the incursions and other people not involved in confrontations -- have also been killed. Israel says the military raids are meant to dismantle militant networks and thwart future attacks, while the Palestinians view them as further entrenchment of Israel's open-ended, 55-year occupation.
The fighting, and the remote likelihood of progress toward peace between the two parties, cast a shadow over Blinken's visit, which was intended to convey President Biden's strong support for Israel while outlining White House priorities in its quest to stabilize, if not solve, the conflict.
Those include opposition to altering the status quo on sensitive sites such as the Temple Mount -- an issue that has pitted Washington against some of Netanyahu's coalition partners -- and urging governance reforms by the Palestinian Authority. Blinken is expected to meet today with Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas.
In response to the attack at the synagogue, Israeli authorities announced new anti-terrorism proposals and a loosening of restrictions on civilian gun ownership, but they did not retaliate with military strikes, raising hopes of de-escalation.
"That's why we're urging all sides now to take urgent steps to restore calm," Blinken said, so "we can start to restore a sense of security."
Underscoring the challenge to any lasting calm, Israel's far-right National Security Minister Itamar Ben Gvir demanded Sunday that in exchange for the seven killed on Friday, the government should authorize seven illegal settlements in the West Bank -- part of the land that Palestinians see as being included in their future state.
The last serious attempt to move forward on two-state talks took place during the Obama administration in 2014. That effort, led by then-Secretary of State John Kerry, went essentially nowhere. As a frustrated Kerry left his post in 2016, he warned Netanyahu that Israel "will never have true peace" with the Arab world without solving the Palestinian question.
In fact, during the Trump years, Israel began to normalize relations with Persian Gulf states, including the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain, as part of the U.S.-backed Abraham Accords. Building on the accords, especially with Saudi Arabia, is a priority for the Israeli prime minister, who spoke Monday of "expanding the circle of peace" in the region. But Washington has privately warned Netanyahu that further normalization with Arab states is unlikely as long as his government is in turmoil.
"My approach is, you, Prime Minister Netanyahu, want to get big things done, we want to get big things done," U.S. Ambassador to Israel Tom Nides told The Washington Post recently. "But if your backyard is on fire, then we can't get anything done."
Aaron David Miller, a former State Department negotiator who is now a scholar at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, said Biden's focus on Russia and China meant that maintaining a semblance of stability in the Middle East was now the chief U.S. goal in the region.
He said the synagogue shooting made it even less likely that Blinken would use the trip to push Israel forcefully on areas where the two countries disagree. The Biden administration has previously criticized Israeli plans to expand settlements in the West Bank.
"If there was going to be any pressure, it dissipated on Friday in the worst terror attack on Israelis in 15 years," Miller said. "If there's going to be any pressure, it's going to be on Abbas," he said, to condemn the shooting and end the suspension of security cooperation with Israeli authorities.
On Monday, Netanyahu hailed Israel's relationship with the United States as "one of the great alliances in modern history."
"We share common values, two strong democracies -- which will remain, I assure you, two strong democracies," Netanyahu said, addressing U.S. concerns over a proposed judicial overhaul that could allow the prime minister to escape prosecution in multiple corruption trials.
Critics have warned that the measures would destroy the country's system of checks and balances, and tens of thousands of Israelis have taken to the streets of Tel Aviv in recent weeks to protest what they call a "constitutional coup."
It wasn't immediately clear whether Blinken would issue any forceful warnings to Israeli officials over the judicial proposals or the positions of some of Netanyahu's coalition partners.
In his remarks, Netanyahu sought to move past his own domestic controversies and the current violence, alluding only briefly to finding "a workable solution with our Palestinian neighbors," and pivoted quickly to common ground with the United States over Iran.
"Your visit comes at an important time," Netanyahu told Blinken. "It's a time where many in the international community ... have seen the true face of Iran. They've seen the barbarism of this regime against its own people; they've seen how it exports aggression beyond its border and beyond the Middle East."
Blinken said the two had "discussed deepening cooperation to confront and counter Iran's destabilizing activities in the region and beyond," noting that Iran is providing drones to Russia for its war in Ukraine in exchange for sophisticated Russian weaponry. "It's a two-way street," he added.
Iran said Sunday that a drone strike lightly damaged a Defense Ministry complex in the central city of Isfahan, as tensions mount over Tehran's advancing nuclear program.
One U.S. official, speaking on the condition of anonymity because they were not permitted to speak publicly on the matter, said the strike appeared to be the work of the Israeli military.
Blinken, speaking to reporters in Egypt on Monday ahead of his arrival in Israel, declined to address the incident.
Information for this article was contributed by William Booth, Shira Rubin and Missy Ryan of The Washington Post and by Tia Goldenberg of The Associated Press.