Bob Graham Education Center, a K-8 school in Miami-Dade County, restricted access to Amanda Gorman's acclaimed poem "The Hill We Climb," which she read at President Biden's inauguration, for elementary-age students after a parent issued a formal complaint on the grounds that the poem was "not educational" and included indirect "hate messages."
A committee reviewed "The Hill We Climb" based on a single complaint, provided to the Los Angeles Times by the Florida Freedom to Read Project, a parent-driven organization defending student access to information and ideas.
Daily Salinas of Miami Lakes, Fla., the mother of two Bob Graham students, filed the complaint in March and asked that the poem be removed from the "total environment" rather than just age-restricted, writing that the poem was "not for schools" as it would "cause confusion and indoctrinate students."
When asked if she was aware of professional reviews of the National Youth Poet Laureate's poem, Salinas wrote, "I don't need it." And when asked to list the author, she wrote "Oprah Winfrey." (Winfrey wrote the forward for the book version of the poem published in March 2021.)
In January 2021, prior to reciting "The Hill We Climb" at Biden's inauguration, Gorman told the Washington Post, "My hope is that my poem will represent a moment of unity for our country, that with my words I'll be able to speak to a new chapter and era for our nation."
"The ABCs of Black History," "Cuban Kids," "Countries in the News Cuba," and "Love to Langston" were also challenged by Salinas, according to records obtained by the Florida Freedom to Read Project.
The principal of Bob Graham Education Center and the superintendent of the Miami-Dade School District did not immediately respond to requests for comment.
Gorman issued a statement on Instagram on Tuesday saying she was "gutted" by the move to ban her poem.
"So they ban my book from young readers, confuse me with Oprah, fail to specify what parts of my poetry they object to, refuse to read any reviews, and offer no alternatives," she wrote. "We must fight back."
"Book bans aren't new," she continued, "but they have been on the rise -- according to the (American Library Assn.), 40% more books were challenged in 2022 compared to 2021. What's more, often all it takes to remove these works from our libraries and schools is a single objection. And let's be clear: most of the forbidden works are by authors who have struggled for generations to get on bookshelves. The majority of these censored works are by queer and non-white voices.
"I wrote 'The Hill We Climb' so that all young people could see themselves in a historical moment. Ever since, I've received countless letters and videos from children inspired by 'The Hill We Climb' to write their own poems. Robbing children of the chance to find their voices in literature is a violation of their right to free thought and free speech.
"What can we do? We must speak out and have our voices heard. That's why my publisher, Penguin Random House, joined PEN America, authors and community members in a lawsuit in Florida's Escambia County to challenge book restrictions like these."
Raegan Miller, director of development for the Florida Freedom to Read Project, explained to The Times in an interview that the review committee said it was restricting Gorman's poem because "though it did have educational value" its vocabulary was deemed more appropriate for middle-school students -- and thus inappropriate for elementary-age students.
Miller said the issue of a book's age-appropriateness is often used as a loophole to restrict books because of the vague nature of the classification. The same, she said, is happening with books challenged on the grounds of sexual content.
"In a state whose literacy rates are not super impressive, I don't know why you would not be trying to develop readers and stretch them and help them grow and become better readers," Miller said. "Especially if it's something that interests them and it's self selected."